UPSC IAS 2020 Union Public Service Commission- Civil Services (IAS)

Last Updated: 4th Sep, 2020
31st May 2020
to 18th Sep 2020

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What is UPSC IAS ?

UPSC CSE (Civil Services Examination) which is also famously known as Indian Administrative Service (IAS) exam, is a nationwide competitive exam in India which is conducted by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) for the recruitment to various Civil Services posts. Civil Services are considered as the backbone of the Governing Structure of India. Civil Service officers are the All India Service Officers or Central Government Class 1 gazetted officers who are recruited for the coveted positions under various departments of the Government. 

Civil Services Types:

Civil services are categorized into three types-

  1. All India Services
  2. Group A Services
  3. Group B Services

All India Services-

All India Services are the cadre based services which include IAS (Indian Administrative Service), IPS (Indian Police Service) and IFoS (Indian Forest Services). Only IAS and IPS All India Services are allocated to the candidates selected in the final merit list while IFoS is conducted separately under UPSC except for its preliminary paper which is merged with Civil Services Prelims paper.

Group A Services-

Group A services are the elite services of the Government of India which includes Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), Indian Postal Service (IPoS), Indian Audits & Accounts Service (IA&AS) and others.

Group B Services-

Group B Services includes some central services like Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services, Defence Secretariat Services and other as well as some state services like District Employment Officer, Excise and Taxation Officer, Block Development Officer and others.

The allotment of the services is based on the merit and choice of service opted by the selected candidate.

Roles and Responsibilities of Civil servants:

The posts allocated to the selected candidates under civil services are high authority posts. The nature of the Jobs of all the services under UPSC is different but commonly leads to the Nation Development. The role and responsibilities the officers of Civil Services are mentioned below-

Responsibilities and Power of IAS (Indian Administrative Services)-

  • Selected candidates in IAS are sent for foundation course and professional training at LBSNAA (Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration). In LBSNAA, the trainees are taught about Public Administration, Governance, Ethics, Code of Conduct, etc. and are exposed to various personality development programs including Sports, Bharat Darshan, Cultural Activities, Workshops, etc.
  • After the training, the trainees are allocated the Zone cadres (state cadre before policy change). The trainee is sent to the district of allocated cadre where the trainee learns about the practical aspects of the District Administration. After the completion of the District training, the trainee becomes an officer and is given the post of SDM (Sub-Divisional Magistrate). The major responsibilities of an SDM are to look after the administration of the sub-division, law and order and collection of land revenue.
  • After two years of service as an SDM, the person is promoted to DM or District Collector. The major responsibilities remain the same, but the area of operation widens. The DM has the power to impose Section 144 (Curfew) of the Criminal Procedure Code under riot like situation. 
  • Apart from the post of DM, an IAS officer is given various other designations in other departments of the state government like Revenue department, Development Authority, Municipal corporation, Dairy, Housing Board, Ayurveda, Medical Department, etc. An IAS officer is also given the Central Deputation posting as per the service rules.
  • An IAS officer can reach to the post of Chief Secretary of State or Chief Secretary of India, which is the topmost bureaucratic post in India.

Responsibilities and Power of Indian Police Service (IPS)-

  • From taking care of the law and order situation in a District to the big National Security related issues, an IPS officer holds the responsibility of all the matters. 
  • After completing the foundational course at LBSNAA, the IPS trainees are sent to the Indian Police Academy, Hyderabad where they are exposed to physical training and the training related to policing and laws. 
  • IPS is a uniformed job and an IPS officer is easily recognized by the general public.
  • An IPS officer is given SDPO (Sub-Divisional Police Officer) rank initially and after two years, the SDPO is promoted to S.P (Superintendent of Police) or DCP (Deputy Commissioner of Police).
  • The responsibility of the S.P is to hold law and order of the District. In case of an emergency like a riot, the District S.P is assisted by Central Armed Police Force and the Indian Army. 
  • An IPS officer can reach to the post of DGP (Director General of Police) which is the top cop of the state. The top rank in IPS in India is held by the Director of Intelligence Bureau.
  • IPS Officers are also deputed at the central agencies like BSF, CRPF, CISF, Intelligence Bureau, CBI, RAW and much more.

Responsibilities and Power of Indian Foreign Service (IFS)-

  • With time, the relevance of Indian Foreign Services has increased. India has increased its presence at a global platform. IFS officers hold the responsibility to handle the diplomacy in favor of India with other countries.
  • IFS officers are posted to the Embassy and consulates in the countries which have the diplomatic relations with India. 
  • An IFS officer starts the career with the post of Under Secretary and can reach to the post of Foreign Secretary of India. 
  • An IFS Officer handles the work at the consulate on the Problems related to the Indian Diaspora, Economic sector, Political sector and other diplomatic sectors.

UPSC IAS 2020 Notification

Through UPSC Civil Services Exam, the candidate can be selected as a Gazetted officer to various Group A and Group B services of the Government. Every Year, UPSC releases notification in the month of March-April for the coveted UPSC Civil Services exam for various posts. These posts are elite posts in the Government and hold enormous authorities and responsibilities.

The list of services through the UPSC Civil Services Examination is available here.

UPSC IAS 2020 Important Dates

Notification Date 01-Feb-2020
Registration Starts on 12-Feb-2020
Registration Ends on 03-Mar-2020
Exam Starts on 31-May-2020
Result Date 01-Jan-2021

UPSC IAS Latest News & Updatess

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UPSC IAS 2020 Eligibility

UPSC Civil Services Eligibility Criteria is given as follows:

Not all candidates are allowed to appear for the UPSC IAS Exam.
There are some eligibility conditions that need to be fulfilled to sit in the exam. Here are some IAS Eligibility conditions that must be fulfilled-
  • Candidate must hold a bachelor's degree from a recognized university or institute or equivalent.
  • Candidates who have appeared or intend to appear for the qualifying examination and are waiting for their results may also apply.
  • Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees.
  • Candidates who have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination.
  • A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination.
  • For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.
  • The Upper Age Limit of General Category Candidate is 32 years and the maximum number of attempts is 6.

UPSC IAS 2020 Application Procedure

UPSC Civil Services Application Procedure Details:

IAS Application procedure is not complicated. Follow the instructions mentioned below to successfully done through the Civil Services Application Procedure-
  • A candidate can only apply online.
  • A candidate must have his/her photograph and signature duly scanned in the jpg format in such a manner that each file should not exceed 40 KB and must not be less than 3 KB in size for the photograph and 1 KB for the signature.
  • The Online applications (Part I and II) can be filled from February 7, 2018, to March 6, 2018.
  • Further communication (if any) will only be through electronic correspondence by email. The candidates must put a valid and active email id.
  • Periodically check your folder and make sure that emails with the @nic ending are not directed to the spam folder.
  • Fill the form timely to avoid last minute rush and glitches.
  • Payment can also be made in cash by depositing money in any branch of SBI.

Candidates appearing in CS (P) Examination, 2018 will be required to indicate information such as the detail of centers for Civil Services (Main) Examination and Indian Forest Service (Main) Examination

  • Optional subject to be selected for the examination
  • The medium of examination for Civil Services (Main) Examination
  • Compulsory Indian Language for Civil Services (Main) Examination at the time of the filling up online application itself. 

Candidates already in a Government service must inform their employer in writing about them taking up this exam. Failure to do so might result in rejection.

Application Fees

UPSC Civil Services Fee Details:

  • Candidates can apply online on the official site of UPSC.
  • Candidates are required to pay a reduced fee of Rs. 100/- (Rupees Hundred only) either by remitting the money in any Branch of SBI by Cash or by using net banking facility of SBI or by using Visa/Master Credit/Debit Card.
  • All Female candidates (regardless any caste)/SC/ST/PH Candidates are exempted from the payment of the fee.

Fees Payment

UPSC Civil Services Fee Charge:

  • The fees for the application form is 100/- only.
  • Candidates belonging to SC/ST/PWD category and female candidates are exempted from this fees.
  • The fee can also be paid in cash at a branch of SBI bank. Even the net banking facility of State Bank of India/State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur/State Bank of Hyderabad/State Bank of Mysore/ State Bank of Patiala/State Bank of Travancore or by using any Visa/Master Credit/ Debit Card.

UPSC IAS 2020 Admit Card

  • IAS Admit card is released well in advance by the UPSC. Here are some details of UPSC Civils Admit Card-
  • Those who submit the application form with the fees required for the Civil Services Exam would be issued a hall ticket for the preliminary exam.
  • Once a student qualifies the preliminary exam and achieves the desired cutoff, he can proceed on to the next phase.
  • Admit Card contains candidate's details such as roll number, name, exam, and examination center.
  • The candidate can download the admit card by entering the Registration ID/Application Number.

UPSC IAS 2020 Preparation Tips

Here are some of the UPSC Civil Services Preparation Tips that should be kept in mind before starting the preparation:
Preparation method varies from person to person but a little guidance always helps in moving in the right direction.

Here are some basic tips that can help the candidates in their approach to the exam-

  • The First and foremost thing that needs to be kept in mind is that, do not prepare for this exam because of pressure from Parents or anyone else. The IAS Exam process takes one whole year, so start preparing only if you are passionate about joining the services. 
  • Start with going through the Civil Services Syllabus Carefully. Try to understand each and every topic of the syllabus.
  • Go through the Previous year Question Papers and analyze the nature of the questions asked in both Prelims and Mains. 
  • Select the source of preparation topic wise.
  • Do not consult multiple sources for one topic. Choose one or two sources and revise it multiple times.
  • Subscribe Newspaper and Magazines to get updated for Current Affairs. It is recommended to consider The Hindu or Indian Express Newspaper. 
  • Start studying with NCERTs. Direct Questions are asked from NCERTs so do not avoid it.
  • Writing Practice is a must for mains exams. Practice writing answers on a regular basis.

UPSC IAS 2020 Exam Pattern

UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern is well defined in nature. Taking into consideration the level of competition and the requirement of the services in a changing governance structure, the UPSC keep on changing the Exam pattern time to time. UPSC IAS Exam Pattern is made in such a way to test the qualities of the candidate that should fit the requirement of the services.

IAS Exam Pattern

UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern is categorized into three stages:

  • Civil Services Preliminary Examination
  • Civil Services Mains Examination (Written)
  • Civil Services Interview (Personality Test)

UPSC IAS 2020 Syllabus

UPSC Civil Services Syllabus Details:

IAS Syllabus is quite vast. The candidate is required to know the syllabus in detail before appearing for UPSC examination. 

  • The IAS Preliminary Examination tests a candidate's general knowledge and logical and reasoning aptitude. 
  • The Main Examination tests a candidate's academic knowledge of different subjects and the candidate's ability to present the knowledge in a clear and coherent manner.

UPSC Syllabus

Broadly, the IAS syllabus covers the topics from History, Geography, Science and Technology, Political Science, International Relations, Economics, Ethics & Aptitude, current affairs and much more 

UPSC IAS 2019 Question Paper Analysis

IAS Prelims 2017 Paper Analysis

The candidates who had appeared in the examination find the paper difficult than the last year. The nature of questions this year were designed in such a manner that a candidate needs to have an extensive and in-depth knowledge of the subjects and the knowledge related to the current affairs. Candidates with just the surface knowledge found the GS Paper-1 difficult to solve.

GS Paper-1 Analysis

1) The number of questions was divided in among the subjects in a manner given below-
  • History of India and Indian National Movement- 14
  • Indian and World Geography- 08
  • Indian Polity and Governance- 22
  • Economic and Social Development- 15
  • Environment, Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change- 11
  • Science and Technology- 08
  • Current Events- 22
2) A good number of questions asked from the Indian Polity section which indicates an increase in the number of questions from this section. The Level of the Questions was moderate and to score in this section; the candidate must possess the conceptual clarity of the static and dynamic part of the subject.
3) The questions from History of India and Indian National Movement were difficult in level. In-depth knowledge was needed to solve the questions of Art and Culture correctly. From Modern India also, non-conventional questions were asked. For example- A question related to Trade Disputes Act 1929 was asked.
4) The  Level of questions in asked from Geography section was easy. The candidates with good knowledge of Maps found the questions very simple.
5) Demonetization, GST and Benami Property Act were in the hot news, the questions from Banking, Finance and Financial Inclusion were obviously expected. The questions were asked on National Pension System (NPS), Small Finance Banks (SFBs), etc.
6) Environment and Ecology section remained a dominant section in the paper. Location based questions and International Organizations questions related to Environment were asked.
7) General Current Affairs has been covering a major portion of question paper since the change of paper pattern, and it will remain to be a prominent part.
8) The NDA Government schemes like National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), Vidyanjali Yojna and smart India Hackathon were also given importance.
CSAT Paper 2-
1) UPSC had increased the level of CSAT Paper- 2. The candidates who had ignored the preparation of the paper altogether may have found themselves in trouble.
2) Comprehension Passage had maintained dominance in the paper.
3) Tough Aptitude Questions were asked. 

UPSC IAS 2020 Study Material

UPSC Civil Services Prelims Study Material:
NCERT History, Geography, Science, Biology, Chemistry, Economy, Political Science – Std VI to Std XII 
Indian Polity- M. Lakshmikant
Geography- 6th to 12th NCERTs are Enough/ Orient Blackswan or Oxford Atlas 
Modern India History- Spectrum by Rajiv Ahir 
Ecology and Environmental Notes by Shankar IAS
Yojana Magazine
Economic Survey of India 
Economic Budget 
India Year Book
Press Information Bureau (PIB)

UPSC Civil Services Prelims Study Material:

  • NCERT History, Geography, Science, Biology, Chemistry, Economy, Political Science – Std VI to Std XII 
  • Indian Polity- M. Lakshmikant
  • Geography- 6th to 12th NCERTs are Enough/ Orient Blackswan or Oxford Atlas 
  • Modern India History- Spectrum by Rajiv Ahir 
  • Ecology and Environmental Notes by Shankar IAS
  • Newspaper
  • Yojana Magazine
  • Economic Survey of India 
  • Economic Budget 
  • India Year Book
  • Press Information Bureau (PIB)

UPSC Civil Services Mains Study Material:

  • Indian Art and Culture – Nitin Singhania. (Culture)
  • History Of Modern India – Bipan Chandra. (History)
  • India's Struggle For Independence – Bipan Chandra. (History)
  • Certificate Physical and Human Geography – Goh Cheng Leong. (Geography)
  • Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations – M. Laxmikanth. (Polity)
  • Indian Economy – Ramesh Singh. (Economy)
  • Economic Survey. (Economy)
  • Science and Technology in India – TMH. (Science and Technology)
  • India Year Book (Current Affairs)
  • Norman Lowe OR History of Modern World – Jain and Mathur (World History – GS1)
  • Social Problems In India – Ram Ahuja. (Indian Society – GS1)
  • Challenges to Internal Security of India. (Internal Security – GS3)
  • Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude. ( Ethics – GS4)
  • Geography of India – Majid Husain. (Geography)
  • The Hindu Newspaper
  • Yojana Magazine
  • Press Information Bureau
Indian Economy-Ramesh Singh
Physical & Human Geography-G C Leong
Indian Polity-M.Laxmikanth
Spectrum Modern India
Indian Art and Culture – Nitin Singhania. (Culture)
History Of Modern India – Bipan Chandra. (History)
India's Struggle For Independence – Bipan Chandra. (History)
Certificate Physical and Human Geography – Goh Cheng Leong. (Geography)
Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations – M. Laxmikanth. (Polity)
Indian Economy – Ramesh Singh. (Economy)
Economic Survey. (Economy)
Science and Technology in India – TMH. (Science and Technology)
India Year Book (Current Affairs)
Norman Lowe OR History of Modern World – Jain and Mathur (World History – GS1)
Social Problems In India – Ram Ahuja. (Indian Society – GS1)
Challenges to Internal Security of India. (Internal Security – GS3)
Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude. ( Ethics – GS4)
Geography of India – Majid Husain. (Geography)

UPSC IAS 2020 Result

Check the Civil Services Prelims Results 2017 here:

The IAS Prelims Results 2017 has been announced by the UPSC. To check the roll number in the list, Click Here.


Civil Services Exam 2018 Cut Off is yet to be announced by the UPSC. However, the Cut Off for the previous year was announced on May 2, 2018.
The cut-off score is the minimum marks required by the candidate to qualify different stages i.e. Preliminary, Main and Interview. The candidates who are declared by the board, to have qualified the preliminary examination will be eligible to appear for Mains examination.

Category-wise UPSC 2017 Cut Off: 

































Factors influencing UPSC Cut Off:

  • Total Number of Vacancies
  • Number of candidates appearing for the examination
  • Difficulty level of Questions
  • Marking Scheme
  • Reservation Criteria
  • Previous Year Cut Off Trends

Category Wise UPSC Civil Services Exam 2016 Prelims Cutoff:

Category GEN OBC SC ST PH-1 PH-2 PH-3

UPSC Civil Services Cutoff








Category Wise UPSC Civil Services Exam 2016 Mains Cutoff:

Category GEN OBC SC ST PH-1 PH-2 PH-3

UPSC Civil Services Cutoff









Category Wise UPSC Civil Services Exam 2016 Final Cutoff:

Category GEN OBC SC ST PH-1 PH-2 PH-3

UPSC Civil Services Cutoff









Check Civil Services 2015 Cutoffs and Civil Services 2014 cutoffs, Click Here

UPSC IAS 2020 Selection Procedure

To get selected in the UPSC IAS exam, the candidate must know about the details of the selection procedure. Without knowing the IAS selection process, an aspirant can not direct the preparation in right a direction.
IAS Selection Procedure

Here are the IAS Selection procedure details-

  • Candidates are shortlisted on the basis of their score in the Preliminary exam for the Main examination. Candidates are then again shortlisted on the basis of their score in the Main examination for the Personal Interview session.
  • IAS Prelims comprises of two papers which are of 400 marks in total i.e 200 marks each. The first paper is GS-1 in which questions asked from General Studies subjects and current affairs while second paper CSAT-2 consists of Aptitude and Reading Comprehension. CSAT Paper-2 of the preliminary exam is purely qualifying in nature.
  • The final section of a candidate is based on the candidate's score of the Main examination (Comprising 9 papers), and the Personal Interview combined together.
  • The Main exam is subjective in nature and comprises of total 1750 marks. The interview is of 275 marks which are added to the total scores.
  •  Marks obtained by the candidate in the written exam as well as the personal interview would determine their ranks and preferences given for various services and posts.

Seat Matrix

The number of seats for the top service varies every year.

The vacancies in 2017 were around 980 which includes 27 vacancies reserved for P.H. Category, i.e. 07 vacancies for LDCP, 08 Vacancies for B/LV and 12 Vacancies for H.I.


The number of vacancies varies each year.

There were a total of 980 vacancies last year out of which 27 had been reserved for the physically handicapped. 


Reservations in UPSC Civil Services:

  • The Upper Age Limit for Other Backward Castes (OBC) is 35 years.
  • The Upper Age Limit for Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) is 37 years.
  • The Upper Age Limit for Physically Handicapped (PH) candidates for Gen, OBC and SC/ST category is 42, 45 and 47 respectively.
  • The number of attempts for OBC candidates is 9.
  • There is relaxation in the number of attempts for SC/ST candidates.
  • There is a difference in the cut-off for general, OBC and SC/ST category candidates.

Documents to be Carried

Documents required for the UPSC counselling-

  • Original counselling letter along with a photocopy of counselling letter.
  • Original Admit card along with a photocopy of admit card
  • Bank draft has to be made as per the guidelines mentioned in the prospectus
  • All the original and at least 2 photocopies of certificates of 10th & 12th class
  • Rank Card / Hall Ticket
  • Scorecard (if applicable)
  • Original degree/provisional certificate if the candidate is appearing
  • Community certificate(SC/ST/OBC/Other) signed by the authorized authority
  • Medical documents mentioned on UPSC application form

Test Centres

UPSC Prelims Exam Centers are as follows:

The IAS Aspirants can know the region or state wise UPSC Civil Services Prelims Test Centers here-

There are only seven centers for blind candidates- Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Lucknow, Dispur and Mumbai


UPSC Civil Services Applicants Details (Annual)-

  • UPSC has not officially released the number of applicants for this exam.
  • Last year, over 15 lakh candidates had applied for the exam but only around 5 lakh attempted the preliminary examination.
  • Only 15,000 of these qualified for the mains examination out of which 2000 were shortlisted for the interview.

Exam Toppers

The civil services topper Nandhini KR, a civil engineer by profession topped by 2016 exam with 55.3% marks.She scored 1,120 marks out of 2,025.

The second rank achiever has scored 55.56% marks with a score of 1,105.

She had already attempted the exam thrice before this and had achieved an AIR 642 last year.She was already working as a revenue officer but had her eyes set on the post of IAS.

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