UPSC IAS 2018 Union Public Service Commission- Civil Services (IAS)
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Last Updated: 5th Jul, 2018
18th Jun 2017
to 3rd Nov 2017

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UPSC IAS 2018 Syllabus

By: R Chandrakala on July 05, 2018

Preliminary Examination

Paper I

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialisation General Science.

Paper II

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - Class X level)

Main Examination

Paper A - Modern Indian language

  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essay
  • Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.

Paper B - English

  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essay.

Paper-I Essay writing on a specific given topic.

Paper-II

General Studies-I 

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world's physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper-III

General Studies -II

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and
  • Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

PAPER-IV

General Studies -III

  • Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions;
  • economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology;
  • indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Paper-V

General Studies -IV

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;
  • ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information
  • sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's
  • Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Paper-VI

Optional Subject - Paper I

Paper-VII

Optional Subject - Paper II

Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below

Agriculture Geology Public Administration English  Manipuri 
Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Indian History Sociology French  Marathi 
Botany Law Statistics German  Nepali 
Boda Mathematics Zoology Gujarati  Oriya 
Chemistry Mechanical Engineering Anthropology Hindi  Persian 
Civil Engineering Medical Science Arabic Kannada  Punjabi 
Commerce Philosophy Assamese  Kashmiri  Russian 
Economics Physics Bengali  Konkani  Sanskrit 
Electrical Engineering Political Science Chinese  Maithili  Santali 
Geography Psychology Dogri  Malayalam  Sindhi 
  Urdu Telugu Management  Tamil 

UPSC interview

  1. The candidate would be interviewed by a Board who would have a record of his/her career maintained. He/she would be asked questions that would be centred around matters of general interest. The objective of the interview would be to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in the public service by a Board of competent observers.
  2. The test is conducted to test the mental ability of the candidate. This is an assessment of the candidate's social traits in addition to interest in current affairs and intellectual competence.
  3. The technique of the interview is not cross-examination but a natural purposive conversation which seeks to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.
  4. This interview test seeks to explore certain abilities of the candidate such as interest in various matters of national and international context and the thinking course or the perspective he/she holds. Intellectual abilities have already been tested in the written papers.

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UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern is well defined in nature. Taking into consideration the level of competition and the requirement of the services in a changing governance structure, the UPSC keep on changing the Exam pattern time to time. UPSC IAS Exam Pattern is made in such a way to test the qualities of the candidate that should fit the requirement of the services.

IAS Exam Pattern

UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern is categorized into three stages:

  • Civil Services Preliminary Examination
  • Civil Services Mains Examination (Written)
  • Civil Services Interview (Personality Test)

IAS Prelims 2017 Paper Analysis

The candidates who had appeared in the examination find the paper difficult than the last year. The nature of questions this year were designed in such a manner that a candidate needs to have an extensive and in-depth knowledge of the subjects and the knowledge related to the current affairs. Candidates with just the surface knowledge found the GS Paper-1 difficult to solve.

GS Paper-1 Analysis

1) The number of questions was divided in among the subjects in a manner given below-
  • History of India and Indian National Movement- 14
  • Indian and World Geography- 08
  • Indian Polity and Governance- 22
  • Economic and Social Development- 15
  • Environment, Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change- 11
  • Science and Technology- 08
  • Current Events- 22
2) A good number of questions asked from the Indian Polity section which indicates an increase in the number of questions from this section. The Level of the Questions was moderate and to score in this section; the candidate must possess the conceptual clarity of the static and dynamic part of the subject.
 
3) The questions from History of India and Indian National Movement were difficult in level. In-depth knowledge was needed to solve the questions of Art and Culture correctly. From Modern India also, non-conventional questions were asked. For example- A question related to Trade Disputes Act 1929 was asked.
 
4) The  Level of questions in asked from Geography section was easy. The candidates with good knowledge of Maps found the questions very simple.
 
5) Demonetization, GST and Benami Property Act were in the hot news, the questions from Banking, Finance and Financial Inclusion were obviously expected. The questions were asked on National Pension System (NPS), Small Finance Banks (SFBs), etc.
 
6) Environment and Ecology section remained a dominant section in the paper. Location based questions and International Organizations questions related to Environment were asked.
 
7) General Current Affairs has been covering a major portion of question paper since the change of paper pattern, and it will remain to be a prominent part.
 
8) The NDA Government schemes like National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), Vidyanjali Yojna and smart India Hackathon were also given importance.
 
CSAT Paper 2-
 
1) UPSC had increased the level of CSAT Paper- 2. The candidates who had ignored the preparation of the paper altogether may have found themselves in trouble.
 
2) Comprehension Passage had maintained dominance in the paper.
 
3) Tough Aptitude Questions were asked. 
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