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Nikita Parmar

Updated on 15th February, 2024 , 9 min read

IIT: Full Form, Courses, Eligibility Criteria, Fee Structure 2024, Top 20 IITs and 10 Successful Alumnus

What is IIT Full Form?

IIT Full Form is Indian Institutes of Technology. In order to generate a trained workforce to assist India's economic and social growth following independence in 1947, the IITs were founded to educate scientists and engineers.

IIT Full Form 2024 Overview

The Indian Institute of Technology is referred to as IIT. This educational institution, which provides higher education in several engineering areas, is believed to have the best reputation. In India, there are 23 IITs. The Institute of Technology Act of 1961 connects and authorizes each institution. In the areas of mechanical engineering, computer science, architecture and planning, electrical engineering, civil engineering, and electronics engineering, the Institute of Technology offers a variety of undergraduate and graduate courses.

Interesting Facts about IITs in India

The Parliament approved the IIT Act in 1961

Indian government grants to IITs range from INR 7 crores each year.

Only guys made up the first IIT cohort. These students were among the top 10 in their institutions.

A female metallurgist graduated from IIT in 1981. In the same year, IIT Bombay accepted a female student for the first time in its mechanical engineering program.

UNESCO and the former Soviet Unionprovided assistance in the establishment of IIT Bombay.

The staff residence at IIT Kharagpur was given the nickname "Bomb House" since the British used to keep bombs there during World War II.

IIT Full Form is Indian Institutes of Technology

What is an IIT?

The Indian Parliament founded and designated the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) as institutes of national importance. In order to generate a trained workforce to assist India's economic and social growth following independence in 1947, the IITs were founded to educate scientists and engineers. The IITs are a set of independent, prominent, engineering- and technology-focused higher education institutions. The majority of IITs were established as Institutes of National Importance by special legislation of the Indian Parliament in the early 1950s and 1960s. The Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIIT) were founded in the late 1990s and early 2000s as a result of their success. 


History of IITs in India

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister, founded IIT Kharagpur in 1951, which became the country's first IIT. The goal was to learn to engineer and do engineering-related research. In India, formal technical education first emerged in the middle of the 19th century. The Governor General's policy statement of 1913 stressing the importance of technical education, the appointment of the Indian Universities Commission in 1902, the release of the Indian Education Policy Resolution in 1904, the Governor General's policy statement in Bengal in 1905, and the establishment of industrial schools  


Goals of IITs in India

IIT's primary mission is to advance technological, scientific research, and education to the highest standards while also benefiting India and the rest of the globe. In this contemporary period, IIT seeks to provide effective and novel knowledge. According to the Indian government, IIT aids in the identification of a grounded perception that also demands fundamental and worldwide needs with specialization areas, and in those areas, the institutions of IIT may be tangible. It also helps to concentrate on certain joint initiatives that are opening up a lot of doors for the academic sector. 

What is IIT Engineering?

Undergraduate (UG), postgraduate (PG), and doctoral (Ph.D.) level courses in science, engineering, and technology are offered by the Indian Institutes of Technology. Additionally, they provide more than 250 B.Tech. courses in a variety of specializations.



Who is an IIT Engineer?

Any graduate of an Indian Institute of Technology, regardless of their field of study, is referred to as an "IIT Engineer." Engineering courses are available in science, engineering, and technology at the Indian Institutes of Technology.

IIT Courses after 12th in India

  1. Any student who received a 75% or higher on the board exams for grade 12 is qualified to enroll in IIT courses following grade 12. 
  2. It is crucial to start the JEE Main Examination preparation as soon as the 10th-grade board exam is over, since admission to these courses after the 12th is based on the marks earned on the 12th. 
  3. Undergraduate curricula in science, engineering, and technology are among these courses.
  4. Indian Institutes of Technology are the top choice for those who want to major in engineering. Also available are M.Sc. programs
  5. Candidates are chosen for the M.Sc. programs by the JAM.

Read more about the List of IITs in India.

Eligibility Criteria for IITs Full Form in India

Candidates must get passing marks in the qualifying test in order to be considered for admission to the B.Tech. and dual degree courses at the IITs. Due to COVID-19, the authorities have relaxed the requirement that applicants to IITs receive at least 75% of the possible points in their class 12 board examinations. Two engineering entrance tests and a combined counseling procedure are used to determine admission to the aforementioned disciplines at IITs. The following are some of the steps for the eligibility of IITs in India-

Step 1

Joint Entrance Exam (JEE Main)

Step 2

JEE Advanced

Step 3

Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA Counselling)

Candidates must have passed the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) to be admitted to M.Tech. programs. Engineering bachelor's degree holders and students enrolled in such programs in their final year will be eligible to apply for GATE. 

Popular IIT Courses in India

At IITs, nearly all engineering specialties are taught. Engineering-related undergraduate, graduate, and research programs are offered at IITs. The following are some well-known engineering specialties taught at IIT-



Aerospace Engineering




4 Years

Aeronautical Engineering

Automobile Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Civil Engineering

Computer Science Engineering

Electrical Engineering

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Industrial Engineering

Marine Engineering

IIT Educational Degree Programs in India 2024

The following are some of the Undergraduate and Postgraduate degrees programs available at IITs-

For UG

For PG

  1. Bachelor of Science
  2. Dual Degree (BTech-MTech)
  3. Dual degree (BS+MS)
  4. Bachelor of Architecture (BArch)
  5. Bachelor of Design (BDes)
  6. Joint Course for M. Sc and Ph. D
  1. Master of Science (MSc)
  2. Dual degree (MSc+PhD)
  3. Master of Design (MDes)
  4. Master of Business Administration (MBA)
  5. Master of Philosophy (MPhil)

Read more about IIT Madras BSc Date Science.

Additional IIT Courses in India

Postgraduate and Ph.D. studies in Science, Engineering, and Technology are offered by IITs. Additionally, they provide MS programs. Candidates are chosen for the M.Sc. program through the JAM. The National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL), a project of the IISc and seven IITs, focuses on online education.

Online IIT Courses in India

A project on online courses by seven IITs and IISc is called the National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL). The content of IIT's online courses is based on the standard curriculum recommended by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and important Indian universities. The National Program on Technology Enhanced Learning has an official website where you may learn more about these online courses.

Niche Courses Offered at IITs in India

IITs offer specialized courses. The standard B. Tech. and M. Tech. degree courses are one of the IITs' most well-known strengths. But several of these top institutions also provide specialized, unusual engineering programs like Ceramic Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, Industrial Chemistry, and Paper & Pulp Technology. These institutions provide a variety of non-engineering programs, including a Master's degree in Medical Science and Technology, an MBA in Telecom, and others. The following table gives details about the various IITs and the degree and niche courses in India 2023-

Name of IIT


Niche Courses


IIT Bombay



Geo-Informatics And Natural Resources

Petroleum Geoscience


IIT Delhi


Production And Industrial Engineering



Applied Optics

Atmospheric-Oceanic Science and Technology

Design of Mechanical Equipment

Industrial Tribology and Maintenance Engineering

Molecular Engineering

Radio Frequency Design and Technology

Rock Engineering and Underground Structure

Solid-State Materials

Design engineering



IIT Kanpur


Biological Sciences And Bioengineering


Earth Sciences


Mathematics And Scientific Computing


IIT Kharagpur



Industrial & Systems Engineering

Ocean Engineering And Naval Architecture

Interdisciplinary - MMMT

Master's Program in Medical Science and Technology


Medical Imaging &Informatics



Agricultural And Food Engineering + M.Tech In Any Of The Listed Specialisations

Agricultural And Food Engineering + M.Tech In Any Of The Listed Specialisations

Quality Engineering Design And Manufacturing



Applied Geology

Exploration  Geophysics



IIT Madras


Ocean Engineering And Naval Architecture



Biological Engineering

Engineering Design



IIT Roorkee



Paper And Pulp Engineering

Polymer Science And Engineering



Geological Technology

Geophysical Technology


IIT BHU Varanasi



Ceramic Engineering

Pharmaceutical Engineering & Technology



Thermal Science And Engineering

Climate Science And Technology


Atmosphere And Ocean Sciences



Biochemical Engineering

+M.Tech In Biochemical Engineering And Biotechnology

Industrial Chemistry

Civil Engineering + Transportation Engineering


IIT Dhanbad



Mineral Engineering

Mining Machinery Engineering


IIT Hyderabad



Artificial Intelligence

Engineering Science

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering


Executive MTech


IIT Mandi



Master of Technology in Power Electronics and Drives

Structural Engineering


Development Studies

IITs Fee Structure for M.Tech in India

A Master of Technology (M.Tech.) degree from an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) may cost dramatically different amounts at different colleges. It is essential that candidates stay current with official announcements regarding the IIT M.Tech course each year in order to ensure that they are informed of any revisions or changes in price. The first semester's tuition for students enrolled in an IIT M.Tech. program must be paid in full at the time of acceptance. Below is a breakdown of this semester's costs. Candidate should be aware that the tuition costs for the next two semesters can be lower than those shown below-

Name of the Institute

Total M.Tech Fee 

(General/ EWS OBC Category)

Total M.Tech Fee 

(SC/ ST Category)


IIT Bombay 

Concessional Tuition Fee- Rs. 20,250 (per semester)

Non-concessional Tuition Fee- Rs. 40,250 (per semester)

Rs. 15,250 

(per semester)


IIT Bhubaneswar

Rs. 11,500 

(per semester)

Rs. 6,500 

(per semester)


ISM Dhanbad

Rs. 1,77,440

(four semesters)

Rs. 1,17,440 

(four semesters)


IIT Delhi

Rs. 36,950 

(per semester)

Rs. 26,950

(per semester)

IIT Guwahati

Rs. 46,450

Rs. 26,450

IIT Gandhinagar

Rs. 1,19,500

Rs. 99,500

IIT Indore

Rs. 59,000

Rs. 31,000

IIT Hyderabad

Rs. 1,77,000

Rs. 48,250

IIT Jodhpur

Rs. 2,64,400

Rs. 1,60,400

IIT Kharagpur

Rs. 10,750 

(1st semester)

Rs. 5,750

(first semester)

Read more about IIT Fee Structure 2023.

List of Top 20 IITs in India

The following are top best 20 IITs in India with their established year-

  1. IIT Kharagpur (1951)
  2. IIT Delhi (1963)
  3. IIT Madras (1959)
  4. IIT Bombay (1958)
  5. IIT Kanpur (1959)
  6. IIT Guwahati (1994)
  7. IIT Bhubaneswar (2008)
  8. IIT Roorkee (2001)
  9. IIT Hyderabad (2008)
  10. IIT Gandhinagar (2008)
  11. IIT Jodhpur (2008)
  12. IIT Patna (2008)
  13. IIT Dhanbad (1926)
  14. IIT Indore (2009)
  15. IIT (BHU) Varanasi (2008)
  16. IIT Mandi (2009)
  17. IIT Palakkad (2015)
  18. IIT Tirupati (2015)
  19. IIT Goa (2016)
  20. IIT Dharwad (2016)

Successful Programs by IITs in India

Since many successful initiatives or businesses were founded by IIT alumni, there is a significant native and inspired approach in every area, which are as follows-


Engineers are working hard to make the ET Bureau, more commonly known as Excel, which is used in practically every sector, simpler with learning activities and helpful for students with good teaching support.


Another creation that uses robotics technology to simplify the scientific learning process is ThinkLABS. It benefits those pupils who have trouble grasping the idea of science fiction.


Another example of IIT engineers who have significantly improved the efficiency of payments as well as several other processes like recharge, ticket booking, shopping, etc.


It is a very creative innovation that provides photographers with e-commerce-related solutions. This is an online photography store where you can create prints that are perfect for professionals.

Read more about the Average Package of IIT.

Benefits of enrolling at IITs in India

Today, every institution offers a high-quality education, so whether a student attends an IIT or a college ranked 1, 2, or 3, what counts is what they learn there. The benefits of IITs are listed below to help students feel more confident because not many students have the desire to attend an IIT-

  1. One has the opportunity to learn and study at one of the best institutions in the nation.
  2. A student gets to learn new things since they are studying alongside some of the best minds in the nation.
  3. Students receive one-on-one coaching from some of the most seasoned professors and graduates.
  4. It's not only about engineering; one can also grow as a person and achieve wonderful things. 

List of Top 10 Successful Alumnus of IITs in India

The following are some of the ex-students of IITs in India-

  1. Rohit Bansal
  2. Vinod Khosla
  3. Sachin Bansal
  4. Sundar Pichai
  5. Chetan Bhagat
  6. Arvind Kejriwal
  7. Deepinder Goyal
  8. Raghuram Rajan
  9. Manohar Parrikar
  10. N. R. Narayana Murthy

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Frequently Asked Questions

How long is the JEE score good for?

Ans. Only one year after the JEE Main results are announced is the JEE Main score valid. For up to one year following the test, you can use your score to get into any school of your choosing.

IIT India was founded by who?

Ans. Jawaharlal Nehru founded the first IIT.

What is the maximum age for taking the JEE exam?

Ans. The JEE test has no set minimum or maximum age requirement. However, having finished 10+2 is a must in order to sit for the JEE test. Additionally, you should have completed your +2 education as a student in the Science stream, meaning that you should have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Math’s.

What exactly is an IIT course?

Ans. The government of India established the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) network of educational institutions to create top-notch scientists, engineers, and technicians. The IITs are independent institutions with their own boards of directors, and they are governed by the IIT Act of 1961.

What position does IIT now have in the world?

Ans. There are no Indian universities that are in the top 100 in the world. There are 35 universities in total; hence, the current rating is higher than 100.

Which IIT in India is ranked first?

Ans. The two finest IIT institutions in this decade are the Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay and the Indian Institute of Technology in Madras.

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