General Nursing and Midwifery Course

By: Nikita Parmar on 2022-06-22 10:26:47

GNM Nursing Course

GNM Overview 

GNM stands for General Nursing and Midwifery and is the most sought-after course for students who desire to work in clinical nursing. The GNM full-form course will assist aspirants in learning and gaining skills in dealing with sick and pregnant ladies. It is a three-year diploma program in nursing. Students who pass their class 12 test in the Science stream and want to pursue a GNM diploma can do so. This program includes a six-month internship requirement. A GNM diploma course is one of the types of courses that may be used as a stepping stone to a career in nursing. Graduates of the GNM course can begin their jobs in government and private hospitals and clinics.

GNM Course Highlights

The following table shows the details of the GNM Nursing Course: 

Particulars 

Details 

GNM Full Form in Medical

General Nursing and Midwifery

GNM Course Level

Diploma

Age criteria

No specific age

GNM Nursing Duration

3 years

Admission Process 

Merit-based/entrance

Exam type 

Semester system/year-wise

Qualification Eligibility 

Class 12th (Physics, Biology, Chemistry)

Course Fee (INR)

Rs. 30,000 to 2.5 lakhs

GNM Seats in India  

14,850 seats (government)

1,13,771 seats (private)

Top employment areas 

Nursing homes, Hospitals, Universities, etc.

Job Roles

Legal Nurse Consultant, Clinical Nurse Specialist, Forensic Nursing, etc.

Top recruiters

AIIMS, Fortis Hospital, Orphanage, Indian Nursing Council, other institutions, etc.

GNM Full Form & Introduction

The GNM full form is General Nursing and Midwifery which is oriented toward meeting the critical demand for competent nursing professionals who are well-versed in all elements of nursing, including maternity care, post-trauma care, rehabilitative care, and mental care, among others. It provides an individual with the technical knowledge and practical skills needed to enter the healthcare business. Aspirants can begin the GNM course immediately after completing Grade 12th. This curriculum lasts three years and includes a six-month internship. Medical facilities and hospitals require trained caretakers, for which the GNM nursing program prepares them. The courses cost between INR 20,000 and INR 2.5 lakh, depending on the college, which is determined through admission tests offered by several state bodies across India. 

Other top GNM nursing entrance examinations in India include WBJEE ANM-GNM, Kerala GNM, Maharashtra GNM, and others. Students who aspire to excel in GNM might pursue Master of Nursing and Ph.D. programs. Top GNM nursing jobs in India include pharmaceutical, technical, and research labs. The salary ranges from INR 2 to 4 LPA. Following GNM Nursing, students may enter the workforce or pursue a Master's or Ph.D. degree. 

The components of a GNM course are specially designed to prepare students to become fully-fledged nursing practitioners. Though each degree differs significantly, the course normally lasts three years, with six months of practical experience included or optional.

Why choose the GNM Nursing Course?

GNMs, of course, play a vital part within the healthcare division, especially at this time. Students get professional training that empowers them to help patients needs through the utilization of clinical techniques. The work involves regulating patients and helping specialists in giving care to society. Specifically, it's a career with a lot of room for progression all over the world. After completing your GNM program at a trustworthy nursing institution, you'll be able to travel overseas and work for higher pay. Graduates of the GNM Nursing Course have great openings both in India and overseas. A GNM Nursing course curriculum is particularly developed to prepare students to become fully-fledged nursing practitioners. It provides applicants with a blend of theoretical and on-the-job training to assist them in learning the fundamentals.

GNM Eligibility Criteria 

Admission to the GNM program is mainly based on the merit of the applicants who have passed the admission tests. Though admission to this degree is also based on their performance in prior exams. The admission process for the GNM nursing program is outlined in the points below-

Merit-Based Admission- 

  • Candidates must first apply through the official website of the college they wish to attend.
  • To apply, individuals must first generate an application ID and then connect using their login credentials.
  • Following that, they must fill out the application form with the essential information. 
  • They must also upload their Class 10th and 12th mark sheets in the necessary picture format.
  • After completing the form, proceed and pay the application fee to complete the admission process.
  • On a specific day, the college will publish a merit list. 
  • Candidates who discover their names on the list must apply either online or offline.
  • Following reporting, documentation will be verified, and seats will be assigned accordingly.

Entrance-Based Admission 

  • Candidates should go to the official website of the college they wish to attend and find out what admissions examinations are accepted there.
  • Candidates must then apply to the governing authority of the test they wish to take.
  • To qualify, they must study well, perform well at the admission exam, and score higher than the cutoff marks.
  • The college authorities will then produce a merit list based on the performance of the candidates in the admission tests on a specific date.
  • If a candidate's name appears on the list, they must apply either online or offline.
  • This will come after the counselling round, where papers will be verified.
  • Seat allocation will take place after the counselling process.

For Foreign Applicants

  • The Association of Indian Universities, New Delhi, shall achieve the admission qualification equivalence, i.e., 12th standard. The institution, the State Nursing Council, shall be responsible for ensuring that the qualification and eligibility meet the requirements outlined above.

Reservations in the GNM Nursing Course-

GNM Course Category

Percentage Reservation

Handicapped Applicants

3%

Locomotor Impairment Applicants 

40% - 50%

SC/ST applicants

5%

*Note- A committee will be constituted consisting of a medical officer approved by the state government's medical board and a nursing specialist in the panel that will assess if the candidates have a locomotor impairment of 40% to 50%.

Fees for GNM Nursing Courses in India

The cost of a GNM nursing course varies by institution or college. The typical GNM Nursing course price in India ranges from INR 30,000 to 2.5 lakh each year. Fees for nursing courses vary based on the different institutions.

GNM Nursing Course Important Dates 

The following table shows the important dates for the GNM nursing course:

Entrance Exam Name 

Start Date

Date for the exam 

DSAT

February 1st- 3rd week of February 2022 (Closed)

4th week of May 2022

MET

May 2022 

June 2022

AIIMS MSc Exam 

March 2022 - May 2022

June 2022

WBPGNAT

April 2022

July 2022

GNM Admission Process

Admission to GNM Nursing courses is mostly based on the results of several state-level entrance exams. The coronavirus may have an influence on the GNM Admission Process in 2020 and 2021. GNM nursing admission is granted by the government or prestigious institutes through an entrance exam administered by the state conducting authority or institutional authorities. Students must complete an application form and pay the admission fees. If their score satisfies the requirements of the college they want to attend, they will be admitted directly.

Note: Students may also take GNM Nursing Distance Learning through IGNOU New Delhi.

GNM Nursing Syllabus and Subjects 

A GNM course syllabus is precisely structured to cover vital areas such as Mental Health Nursing, Child Nursing, and Maternal Care, among others. The India Nursing Council establishes the curriculum for institutes in India (INC). The following is the syllabus for the GNM Nursing:

First year-

Psychology 

Anatomy and Physiology 

Nutrition 

Microbiology

Sociology

Community Health Nursing

Health Education 

Personal and Environmental Hygiene

First Aid

Environmental Hygiene

Personal Hygiene

Health Education and Communication Skills

Second Year-

Pharmacology

Medical-Surgical Nursing

Psychiatric Nursing 

Medical-Surgical Nursing II (Specialities)

Orthopedic Nursing

Communicable Diseases

Ophthalmic Nursing

Community Health Nursing

Computer Education

Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing 

  Third year-

Pediatric Nursing 

Advanced Community Health Nursing 

Internship period

Midwifery and Gynecology 

Health Economics

Community Health Nursing-II

Personal Hygiene

Introduction to Research

Professional trends and adjustments

Administration and ward management 

Educational Methods and Media for Nursing Practice Teaching

Fourth Year

  • 6-month internship

GNM Entrance Exams

Colleges provide a credit list depending on the performance of participants in the 12th grade. Some institutes also hold admission tests for these programs or select students based on state-level diploma entrance exams. Applicants who pass the admission tests will be accepted into the GNM program. The following are some well-known GNM admission exams-

  • AIIMS Nursing Entrance Examination
  • JIPMER Nursing Admission Test
  • IGNOU OPENNET
  • BHU Nursing Admissions Exam
  • PGIMER Nursing Exam 
  • MGM CET Nursing
  • RUHS nursing entrance exam

GNM Nursing Result 2022

The state conducting body announces the GNM results in 2022 for admission to their diploma GNM nursing program. The institution-based GNM nursing test result for their admission test is usually issued by the institution or university administration. The GNM results for 2022 are available on the official website. After passing their admission test, candidates can obtain or view their GNM nursing results.

Types of GNM Nursing Courses

The three most frequent varieties of GNM in India are Basic, Post Basic, and Distance.

Courses Name 

Basic GNM

Post-Basic GNM

Distance GNM

Introduction of Courses

The basic GNM is a bachelor's degree that educates students to obtain nursing skills and give comprehensive nursing care to patients suffering from various diseases.

Candidates pursuing a post-basic GNM or a post-basic BSc in Nursing can advance their education.

This knowledge is imparted in the classroom, as well as through field excursions and clinical lessons.

Because GNM, or General Nursing and Midwifery, is a highly specialized profession, distant learning options are restricted. 

Training 

The program is intended to develop general nurses capable of working effectively in health care teams in hospitals and other organizations.

Candidates can find work at nursing schools, clinics, and public health institutions, among other areas.

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Duration & Eligibility

The curriculum lasts three years, and students must complete 10+2 exams in a scientific subject with a minimum aggregate grade of 40%.

This course's basic version lasts three years.

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Age criteria

In addition, candidates must be between the ages of 17 and 35.

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-

Medical Details

In addition, every student must be medically fit.

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Skill Sets of GNM Nursing Course

  • Graduates of the GNM nursing course are recognized as RNRM (Registered Nurse Registered Midwife) and are identified as nurses. 
  • Nursing entails interacting with patients and assisting doctors in delivering care. 
  • When dealing with various sorts of patients, the nurse should have the patience to convey empathy. 
  • Aside from that, the nurse should have shown experience dealing with doctors, patients, and hospital management, as well as compassion and great communication skills. 
  • A nurse should be able to speak in both medical jargon (with doctors) and layman's words (with patients). 
  • A nurse should also have great organizational and administrative abilities, as they are responsible for keeping patient records. 

GNM Top Colleges in India

Students from all disciplines are eligible to apply for the GNM program, while science students with Biology as a subject are preferred over commerce and art students. Few elite GNM universities demand a minimum of 60% in Class 12, while the majority of other colleges require 50%. Here is a list of GNM Colleges in India based on NIRF rankings-

College Name 

Fees (INR)

Christian Medical College, Vellore

Rs. 70k

Christian Medical College, Ludhiana

Rs. 2.4 lakh

Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (IPMER), Kolkata

Rs. 45k

KIIT University, Bhubaneswar

Rs. 30k

Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh

Rs. 1.2 lakh

TD Medical College, Alappuzha

Rs. 1.8 lakh

RR Nursing Institutions 

Rs. 5.70 lakh

SRM Kanchipuram, Chennai

Rs. 1.10 lakh

St. John's Medical College, Bangalore

Rs. 16 lakh

GNM Nursing: Course Comparison

Students can choose among many sorts of nursing courses. All nursing courses give employment opportunities in the nursing field. MSc Nursing students will undoubtedly have more opportunities than BSc Nursing students. Some nursing curricula have been compared to GNM Nursing. The following table shows the comparison:

GNM Nursing vs ANM

Course Parameter

GNM Nursing 

ANM Nursing 

Full-Form 

General Nursing and Midwifery

Auxiliary Nursing and Midwifery

Overview

GNM focuses on general nursing education and equips students with a wide range of abilities. It is large-scale and teaches students to offer first aid, work in groups, and help with research, among other things.

The ANM Nursing course focuses solely on the community level and teaches students simply the fundamentals of nursing. ANM students are frequently obliged to serve in rural and underserved communities. They are mostly concerned with maternity care.

Duration

3 years 

2 years 

Course Level

Diploma 

Diploma 

Eligibility criteria

Class 12th

Class 12th 

Course Fees (INR)

Rs. 20,000–1,00,000

Rs. 40,000-80,000

Top Colleges

CMC Vellore, CMC Ludhiana, IPGMER Kolkata, etc.

Teerthanker Mahaveer University. CMJ University, etc.

Job opportunity

Forensic Nurse, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Travelling Nurse, etc.

Junior Lecturer, Maternal Care Room Incharge, etc.

Average salary (INR)

Rs. 2-5 LPA

Rs. 2-5 LPA

GNM Nursing vs BSc Nursing

Course Parameter

GNM Nursing 

BSc Nursing 

Full-Form 

General Nursing and Midwifery

Bachelor of Science(Nursing)

Overview

GNM focuses on general nursing education and equips students with a wide range of abilities. It is large-scale and teaches students to offer first aid, work in groups, and help with research, among other things.

The Bachelor of Science (BSc) degree program is meant to teach nurses in the practical elements of nursing, such as administering first aid, informing patients, and managing the appropriate running of hospital wards and ward workers.

Duration

3 years 

4 years 

Course Level

Diploma 

Graduate

Eligibility criteria

Class 12th

Class 12th 

Course Fees (INR)

Rs. 20,000–1,00,000

Rs. 20,000-2,50,000

Top Colleges

CMC Vellore, CMC Ludhiana, IPGMER Kolkata, etc.

AIIMS Delhi, Armed Forces Medical College, etc.

Job opportunity

Forensic Nurse, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Travelling Nurse, etc.

Government and Private Hospitals, Healthcare Centres, Dispensaries, etc.

Average salary (INR)

Rs. 2-5 LPA

Rs. 2-5 LPA

GNM Nursing vs DPharma

Course Parameter

GNM Nursing 

DPharma

Full-Form 

General Nursing and Midwifery

Diploma in pharmacy

Overview

GNM focuses on general nursing education and equips students with a wide range of abilities. It is large-scale and teaches students to offer first aid, work in groups, and help with research, among other things.

The DPharma is a two-year career-oriented, entry-level diploma program. This course is appropriate for students who want to pursue a long-term career in the medical sector of pharmaceutical sciences, beginning with entry-level employment.

Duration

3 years 

2 years 

Course Level

Diploma 

Diploma 

Eligibility criteria

Class 12th

Class 12th 

Course Fees (INR)

Rs. 20,000–1,00,000

Rs. 10,000-1,00,000 lakh

Top Colleges

CMC Vellore, CMC Ludhiana, IPGMER Kolkata, etc.

Annamalai University,Chitkara University, etc.

Job opportunity

Forensic Nurse, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Travelling Nurse, etc.

Pharmacists, Scientific officers, Quality Analyst, Medical Transcriptionist etc.

Average salary (INR)

Rs. 2-5 LPA

Rs. 2-5 LPA

GNM Nursing vs B.Pharma

Course Parameter

GNM Nursing 

B.Pharma

Full-Form 

General Nursing and Midwifery

Bachelor of Pharmacy

Overview

GNM focuses on general nursing education and equips students with a wide range of abilities. It is large-scale and teaches students to offer first aid, work in groups, and help with research, among other things.

B.Pharmacy is a full-time professional degree program that allows students to study and accelerate their understanding of medication preparation and distribution. 

Duration

3 years 

4 years 

Course Level

Diploma 

Graduate

Eligibility criteria

Class 12th

Class 12th with 50% and with mandatory subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics, and English

Course Fees (INR)

Rs. 20,000–1,00,000

Rs. 15,000-1,50,000 

Top Colleges

CMC Vellore, CMC Ludhiana, IPGMER Kolkata, etc.

Jamia Hamdard University, Institute of Chemical Technology etc

Job opportunity

Forensic Nurse, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Travelling Nurse, etc.

Drug Inspector, Quality Control Manager, Professor, Medical Writer etc.

Average salary (INR)

Rs. 2-5 LPA

Rs. 2-3 LPA

Top recruiters of GNM Nursing 

The following is a list of prominent recruiters in India who hire GNM diploma holders:

  • The Indian Red Cross Society
  • Community Health Centres
  • Max Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital
  • Apollo Hospital Enterprise
  • Fortis Healthcare
  • Medanta Medicity
  • Columbia Asia Hospital
  • Wockhardt Hospitals
  • Global Hospitals
  • Indian Nursing Council and different State Nursing Councils

GNM diploma holders can further their education by pursuing higher education in addition to working at any hospital or institution. Graduates of the ANM and GNM programs will be entitled to pursue BSc Nursing and BSc (Post-Basic) Nursing programs.

GNM Nursing: Job Sectors

The following table elaborates upon different sectors of the GNM nursing course: 

All types of Hospitals and Nursing

The Indian Red Cross Society

Indian Nursing Council and Various State Nursing Councils 

Various Nursing schools and Associations

Educational institutions and industries

Old Age Homes

The Armed Forces 

Special centers such as orphanages

GNM Job Profile & Salary in India 

Nursing and medical care are in high demand in both the Indian and overseas healthcare sectors. After completing the course, one should register with the Indian Nursing Council. Nursing graduates from GNM programs work in both the public and commercial sectors. The following table shows the annual salary of the GNM nursing-

Job Profile

Description 

Annual Salary (INR)

Clinical Nurse Specialist

A clinical nurse specialist is an advanced practice nurse who may provide guidance on specific ailments or treatment strategies.

Rs. 4.5 lakhs 

Professor

Professors teach a wide range of courses to students at the postsecondary level. They write academic publications, perform research, and teach classes in their field.

Rs. 9.1 lakhs 

Forensic Nurse

Forensic nursing is described as the application of the nursing process to public or legal procedures, as well as the use of forensic health care in the scientific study of trauma and/or death connected to abuse, violence, criminal activity, responsibility, and accidents.

Rs. 4.9 lakhs 

Travelling Nurse

A traveling nurse is a healthcare practitioner that helps chronically ill or homebound patients, as well as medical offices that are short on personnel. Some travel nurses work in hospitals, schools, and clinics.

Rs. 2.4 lakhs 

Legal Nurse Consultant

A registered nurse who consults on medical-related legal disputes utilizing her knowledge as a health care provider and specialized training is known as a legal nurse consultant. Legal nurse consultants aid attorneys in analyzing medical records and comprehending medical language and healthcare concerns in order to get the best results for their clients.

Rs 5.3 lakhs

GNM Scope

GNM courses provide students with opportunities in a wide range of disciplines. Candidates can take the following courses to improve their skills and knowledge and thereby increase their pay-

Course Name 

Eligibility Criteria 

BSc Nursing 

Class 12th Pass

BSc Nursing (Post Basic)

Class 12th Pass + GNM Nursing Certificate

MSc Nursing 

BSc in Nursing or BSc Nursing (Post-Basic)

Ph.D. Nursing 

Masters degree in Nursing (MSc Nursing)

GNM Nursing Abroad

After finishing the GNM Nursing Course, students may apply for further courses in nursing and midwifery. This will ensure a greater and nicer job for them in the future. Completing a degree in nursing is a critical step since it delivers a wealth of nursing information. Students may pursue many specializations within nursing and midwifery based on their interests and the disciplines available. The curriculum includes disciplines such as Anatomy, Physiology, Microbiology, Sociology, Psychology, First-Aid, and Nursing Fundamentals to prepare suitable people to solve the country's health requirements. 

Some useful talents in this area of employment include mental alertness, team spirit, tact, compassion, and physical fitness. After finishing the course, students may teach the topic at relevant institutes and may apply for further courses in Nursing and Midwifery. This will assure greater may and a nice job for them in the future. Completing a Bachelor's Degree in Nursing is a critical step since it gives a wealth of nursing expertise.

Students may pursue many specializations in Nursing and Midwifery based on their interests and the disciplines available.

FAQs 

Q.1 Why is a GNM nursing course necessary?

Ans: The GNM nursing course would assist aspirants in learning and gaining competence in dealing with sick and pregnant women.

Q.2 Is it a good idea to study GNM at a private college?

Ans: Yes, there are several reputable private universities that offer GNM nursing programs.

Q.3 Is GNM a diploma?

Ans: A GNM is a 3-year diploma program that provides training in general nursing and midwifery. The theory courses are significantly less than those of a Bsc nursing degree, and you will not receive a diploma. In India, 2 years of clinical experience are required after GNM, while no experience is required after Bsc nursing.

Q.4 What is the best path to take after finishing GNM?

Ans. Many GNM Nursing students go on to work in the nursing sector. Higher education choices such as BSc Nursing, MSc Nursing, and BSc Nursing (Post-Basic) are accessible for individuals who are dissatisfied with them. GNM students can also pursue an MBBS program.

Q.5 What is the procedure for pursuing an MBBS after completing a GNM Nursing course?

Ans. Many colleges now offer GNM nursing students the opportunity to pursue an MBBS degree. Students can take the NEET test and then apply for admission via the regular approach. In India, certain medical institutes reserve MBBS seats for GNM nursing applicants.

Q.6 Can I pursue a GNM online learning program in India?

Ans. The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), New Delhi, is a well-known university in India that offers GNM Distance Learning programs.

Q.7 Is the GNM program illegal in India?

Ans. Yes, the government intends to phase it out by 2021-22 because the government desires that there be just one-degree level nursing course after the 12th, namely BSc in nursing.