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Nikita Parmar

Updated on 19th May, 2023 , 8 min read

How to Become a Police Officer?

Police Officer Overview

In India, one of the most respected careers is being a police officer. Police officers are representatives of the government whose job is to prevent crime and disturbances in society while also preserving peace and harmony. In addition to this, police officers are responsible for conducting investigations into crimes, fostering public order, recognizing circumstances that might result in crimes, and other duties. 

Education Minster of Maharashtra

Police Officer Highlights

The following table shows the details for Police Officers -

Details

Particulars

Eligibility

any recognized board examinations for the 12th grade, such as the SSC or CSE.

Industry

Crime and Investigation

Average Starting Salary

INR 3.67 LPA

Highest Salary

INR 24 LPA

Top Recruiters

CBI, CID, and other government departments

Duration to Become a Police Officer

  1. It may take at least 4 years to enter the Police Officer, however, this varies depending on your designation and credentials. 
  2. After passing your 12th grade from a recognized education board, you may normally join the IPS as a constable or head constable. 
  3. If you have a bachelor's degree and pass the IPS test administered by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), you can join the police force as a Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP). 

Read more about the Upcoming Government Exams in india.

Different types of Police Officers

In India, there are several sorts of police officers based on their levels, departments, and experience. Some of the most common categories of police officers are listed below along with their job descriptions and typical salaries- 

Ranks 

Description 

Average Salary 

Deputy Commissioner of Police

They must implement regulations and actions imposed by the federal or state governments and have the authority to inspect and supervise the work of other junior authorities. 

15.2 lakh

Deputy Superintendent of police

They are in charge of carrying out all responsibilities and maintaining law and order, as assigned by the Superintendent of Police. They also oversee the work of their subordinates and handle all cases reported by other police stations under their jurisdiction.

9.60 lakh

Police Inspector

An Inspector's function is to oversee the inquiry within his authority and also teach junior investigators who work on cases within their authority. They also manage all official work, including record keeping, and report to senior police officials.

8 lakh

Assistant Police Inspector

In the absence of an Inspector, their role is to monitor the inquiry. They are in charge of preventing or detecting crime within their authority.

7.81 lakh

Sub Inspector

They ensure the efficient operation of management or subordinate workers and keep the peace and prevent and detect crime. They also keep a record in the police station.

7.10 lakh

Police Constable

A police constable's job is to gather information and collect evidence. They carry out tasks such as patrolling, criminal detection, escorting prisoners and VIPs, aiding civil administrations, and so on.

4.2 lakh

How to Become a Police Officer in India

Candidates who want to work as police officers in India should be familiar with all available travel options. The following give details about how to become Police Officer-

  • How to Become a Police Officer after 12th?

Students who have passed the Class 12 board examinations are qualified to apply to work as police officers in a variety of positions, including Constable and Head Constable. One does not have to have a graduate degree to become a constable, but one must pass the appropriate entry tests for the positions.  After passing the class 12 board examinations, the jobs and requirements to become a police officer are discussed in the table below-

Designations 

Eligibility 

Entrance Exams 

Constable 

Class 12th

State-Conducted Hiring Processes.

Head Constable 

Must pass the Class 12th board examinations and should be at least 18 years old and no older than 25 years old.

  • How to Become a Police Officer after Graduation?

Candidates are now qualified to become Police Officers at different higher designations following graduation in any subject. The police force offers various higher designations, including Superintendent of Police, Deputy Superintendent of Police, Assistant Commissioner of Police, and others, to students who pass the UPSC or IPS Entrance Exams. A few of the top positions that can be applied for after passing state- or center-based admission tests are included in the table below-

Designations 

Entrance Exams 

Superintendent of Police / Deputy Superintendent of Police

UPSC CSE (IPS)

Assistant Commissioner of Police

Sub Inspector

SSC

Assistant Sub Inspector

List of Courses to Become Police Officers after 12th

The following table lists some of the essential courses that must be completed to become a police officer in India-

Parameters

Sociology Courses

Criminology Courses

Political Science Courses

Eligibility 

Graduation from a recognized university.

Graduation from a recognized university.

Graduation from a recognized university.

Duration

3 Years

3 Years

3 Years

Entrances Exams

DUET, SET, CUET

DUET, SET, CUET

DUET, SET, CUET

Average Fees

INR 500 - 5,000

INR 500 - 5,000

INR 500 - 5,000

Average Salary

INR 3.67 LPA

INR 3.67 LPA

INR 3.67 LPA

Top Colleges

Jadavpur University

LD Arts College

Bharathiar University

University of Mysore

University of Madras

University of Bangalore

Lady Shri Ram College

Christ University 

Presidency College

Read more about IAS Full Form.

How to Become a Police Officer (Step-Wise)

In order to become a police officer, prospective applicants must first complete a series of tasks. The four steps to becoming a police officer are as follows-

Step 1- The first and most important step or requirement that candidates must meet to become police officers in India is to be Indian citizens.

Step 2- After passing the 12th-grade board examinations, candidates are entitled to apply for police constable posts. The SSC, or Staff Selection Commission, is a recruitment exam performed by several state governments for selecting police personnel throughout the ranks of constable.

Step 3-  Candidates who pass the written test are subsequently assessed on physical fitness rounds before being hired by the Indian Police Department.

Step 4- Candidates who have finished their degree in any field from a recognized board are eligible to take the IPS, or Indian Police Service, tests, where they are graded based on written and physical examinations before being hired for any top posts in the Indian Police force.

Step 5- However, one of the main requirements for appearing in IPS tests is that candidates be at least 21 years old.

Step 6- In addition to passing the physical fitness test, candidates must also meet additional physical requirements in order to be hired as police officers. Candidates must fulfill the department's qualifications for being employed as a police officer, which include a specific height, weight, and vision.

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Entrances Exams to Become a Police Officer

The following list of some of the top admission tests for Police Officer's various positions is provided below-

Name of Entrance Exams 

Registration Dates 

Registration Deadline 

Exam Dates

Result Dates

SSC CPO Exam

September 2022

November 2022

December 2022

To Be Notified

SSC GD Constable Exam

February 22, 2023

March 31, 2023

To Be Notified

To Be Notified

UPSC

February 2, 2022

February 22, 2022

June 5, 2022

To Be Notified

State Police Constable Exams

February 2022

March 2022

To Be Notified

To Be Notified

Top Colleges in India

There are no specific colleges that may be enrolled in since there are no particular courses that must be taken to become a police officer in India; applicants from any field can become one. 

Below is the list of some of the best universities offering a variety of courses that may be taken to become a police officer is provided below-

Name of the Colleges 

Location 

Average Course Fees (INR)

Jyoti Nivas College

Bangalore 

Rs. 20,492

Gujarat Vidyapith

Ahemdabad

Rs. 11,830

Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University

Kanpur

Rs. 39,293

Jadavpur University

Kolkata

Rs. 2,400

Christ University

Bangalore

Rs. 50,000

Madhya Pradesh Bhoj University

Bhopal

Rs. 3,612

Ranchi University

Ranchi

Rs. 2, 850

Barkatullah University

Bhopal

Rs. 9,795

LD Arts Colleges

Ahemdabad

Rs. 1,085

Jaipur National University

Jaipur 

Rs. 38,300

Police Officer Salary

In India, the typical income of a police officer is mainly determined by characteristics such as designation, experience, and credentials. However, the beginning pay of a Police Officer in India is about INR 3 - 3.5 LPA.

The table following discusses the typical income of a Police Officer based on experience- 

Experience Gained

Average Annual Salary (INR)

0-5 years

3 - 3.60 lakh

6-10 years

5.50 - 6.90 lakh

11-15 years

10.4 lakh

16-20 years 

10.5 - 12.03 lakh

20 years and Above 

13 lakh & above

 

Also read more about- Salary of a Police Officer 2023

Skills are needed to become a Police Officer 

These abilities not only aid in building a solid basis for the course but also aid in gaining a better understanding of the profession. The following are some of the skills needed for a Police Officer-

  1. Active Hearing
  2. Persuasiveness
  3. Observation of Details
  4. Physical Endurance
  5. Public Awareness
  6. Critical Analysis
  7. Communication between people
  8. Morality Assertiveness
  9. Courage Teamwork
  10. Empathy

Books and Study Materials for Police Officers

The following are some of the important books one can refer to clear the police officer exam-

  1. SSC Constable Recruitment Exam (Delhi) by VVK Subburaj
  2. Vijetha Competitions – Andhra Pradesh Police Recruitment Exam
  3. Kiran's Kolkata Police Constable Recruitment Exam Practice Book
  4. Kiran's SSC Constable Exam
  5. SSC Delhi Police Executive Recruitment Exam by R. Gupta
  6. Haryana Police Constable Recruitment Exam by R. Gupta
  7. Police Exam Preparation Book by Norman Hall
  8. SSC Sub-Inspector Recruitment Exam by Disha Publications

The Benefits and Drawbacks of Becoming a Police Officer

Some of the primary benefits and drawbacks of being a police officer in India are given below-

Benefits 

Drawbacks

Excellent Reputation-A police officer is the one who defends society. Police officers have always had a good reputation and have been regarded with respect in society.

No Fixed Timings- There are no set hours for police officers to work. They do not have one working hour like other departments. For police officers, there are no vacations or festivals.

Job Satisfaction-The work of a police officer is quite active, with a lot of variety, and every day is a new struggle for them.

Risk of Death and Injury- Daily, they confront the risk of death and harm. Many police officers are killed while attempting to safeguard the neighborhood from crime and violence.

Increased Competition-The work atmosphere of police officers is extremely competitive and they are highly motivated because they want to serve or defend their communities.

Difficult Decisions- Police officers must occasionally make difficult decisions, such as whether to take someone's life under extreme circumstances. 

Attractive Perks-The government provides them with a good income and they are eligible for perks such as a Provident Fund, House Rent Allowance, Travel Allowance, Gratuity, and other benefits.

Emotionally Challenging-The job of a police officer is emotionally taxing, not just for the officer but also for their family. They are the guardians of our society, yet they do not receive adequate family time, even during holidays.

Retirement Benefits-When a police officer retires, he or she receives a large sum of money, which includes their Provident Fund, Gratuity, and even interest on those funds. They are also paid for their medical bills.

 -

Authoritative Position-Being a police officer can help order and ensure that the law is implemented and obeyed appropriately.

-

Promotional Benefits-The promotion rate in the Police Department is fairly high when compared to other government personnel in other departments. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

What does a Superintendent of Police do?

Ans. SPs are the district heads for all non-metropolitan districts in India. They are put in charge of a district’s rural and urban sectors.

What is the initial payment for a police officer?

Ans. A police officer’s beginning wage ranges from INR 4,00,000 to INR 5,50,000 per year.

Can I continue my education after working as a police officer?

Ans. Yes, after working as a police officer, you can pursue a postgraduate degree in criminology or law enforcement.

How much does a Law Enforcement Instructor make on average?

Ans. A Law Enforcement Instructor’s annual compensation ranges between INR 5,50,000 and INR 6,00,000.

What is the minimum percentage needed to sit for the SSC exam?

Ans. To take the SSC exam, students must have a minimum of 50% in their graduation.

What is the most important skill for a police officer?

Ans. Physical fitness is the most important ability for a police officer.

What is the exam for entering Police Officer courses?

Ans. The SSC and UPSC are the most prevalent examinations for entry into the Police Officer program.

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