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Nikita Parmar

Updated on 03rd June, 2023 , 8 min read

Best Branches in Engineering: Eligibility, Salary, A Quick Guide

Best Branches in Engineering Courses for Future

Engineering has evolved into a diversified and vast field of study with several branches and specialties. Because of global technological advancements, the engineering profession is expanding on a daily basis. The current technology encourages students to pursue careers in this field. 

Every year, a large number of students enroll in the finest engineering institutes and pursue the course in order to get the essential skills and information for their personal benefit. Because of recent technological advancements, engineering in the fields of mechanics and electrical will have a very bright future. Several different branches of engineering are offered, allowing applicants to explore their interests and build a successful career.

Best Branch in Engineering

Which is the Most Promising Branches in Engineering Field for the Future?

There are several engineering fields with significant income potential. However, computer science engineering may be the finest engineering field for the future. Because of the rise in software-driven gadgets, computer engineers are in great demand in practically every industry.

  1. Graduates in computer science or similar degrees will have strong work chances in the future, when Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning may have enormous potential for improvement.
  2. A computer engineer's base income is INR 17,947,539 per year on average. With experience and qualifications, this figure has the potential to skyrocket.
  3. Mechanical engineering and civil engineering are two more fields that have the potential for future growth.

Which Field of Engineering Pays the Most?

  1. Computer science engineering has the best income potential of any engineering field.
  2. Many fields of computer science engineering, such as data engineering and software engineering, offer high earning potential.
  3. A data engineer's base income is INR 84,181,800 per year, whereas a software engineer's basic compensation is INR 50,870,114 per year.

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Which Engineering Branch is the Most Popular?

To assess the popularity of various engineering branches, it is useful to compare the number of applicants pursuing distinct engineering branches to the number of seats available nationwide for each branch. Mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, civil engineering, and computer science engineering are the most popular fields based on these considerations. These are fields where graduates are in high demand since they are needed in a variety of career roles across the board. Traditionally, the great majority of students choose these fields. The salary scale, however, may differ from branch to branch.

Also Read: Electrical Engineering Syllabus and Subjects.

Top 8 Highest Paying Engineering Specialisation

Many engineering areas pay well, but these are the top 8 highest-paying engineering jobs-

Engineering Branch Name 

Primary Duties 

Average Salary (INR)



Computer Science Engineer

It is one of the engineering fields that has seen an exponential surge in demand, also they are in charge of creating, testing, deploying, and maintaining computer software and hardware.

They may specialize in a range of topics including programming, security, hardware, or information technology.

They can work in a wide range of industries, including healthcare and infrastructure, as well as aerospace and automobile engineering.



₹ 2,24,524 per year



Mechanical Engineer

A mechanical engineer can create devices that generate electricity as well as those that require a lot of power to run. 

They may be in charge of supervising other employees as well as developing and implementing effective corporate practices. 

Mechanical engineers also use computer-aided design technologies to create designs and their tasks may differ based on the industry or professional type in which they work.



₹ 2,34,775 per year


Electronics and Communication Engineer

These experts use their knowledge to design, develop, test, and maintain electronic systems and components and are typically employed by small firms or in the commercial sector. 

Their daily activities vary based on the job type, but they frequently create, plan, do research, examine equipment, attend conferences, and communicate with others. 

An electronics and communication engineer's job includes interpreting customer needs, creating cost and time estimates, testing systems, and developing improvement plans.


₹ 2,35,330 per year


Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineers use their scientific and mathematical knowledge to improve chemical processing systems and equipment, as well as to solve challenges that many firms face. 

They investigate methods and data, perform research and tests, and develop solutions to increase plant efficiency.


₹ 2,39,736 per year



Design Engineer

A design engineer creates and oversees the production of goods or services which are conducted through market and user research. 

They create production processes and implement them using computer-aided design software, simulation tools, and modeling software. 

They must also keep current on industry trends in order to incorporate technical developments into future goods or services.



₹ 2,53,064 per year


Aerospace or Aeronautical Engineer

Aerospace engineers create, test, repair, and enhance commercial, military, and spacecraft aircraft.

Aeronautical engineers specialize in airplanes, whereas astronautical engineers specialize in spaceships. 

They generally help in the development of new and creative air and spacecraft designs, test materials and prototypes, and investigate component or product problems.



₹ 2,54,612 per year


Electrical Engineer

Electrical engineers test, develop, and design electrical devices and equipment such as navigation systems, motors, power generators, communication systems, and automobile and aircraft electrical systems. 

They are also in charge of supervising the manufacturing of numerous devices, systems, and equipment. 

This is one of the most popular engineering specialties, with a steady demand. 


₹ 2,55,584 per year



Civil Engineer

The core domain of a civil engineer is construction. 

Civil engineers build, develop, and protect our built environment and infrastructure. 

They plan, design, build, and maintain harbors, tunnels, airports, dams, bridges, trains, roadways, and power plants. 

A civil engineer must have critical thinking abilities as well as excellent subject knowledge in mathematics and physics in order to identify and solve engineering problems. 



₹ 2,68,686 per year

Related Article: Software Engineering courses after 12th.

Read More: Petroleum Engineering Salary in India.

Engineering Career Opportunities in India

Engineering branches and their scope are very broad in a nation like India. These are the greatest engineering fields for future scopes. When it comes to developing/creating/maintaining software in the country, India has gained a high ranking. Engineering is the most common type of job in India. Whether it was abroad or at home, Indian engineers have always made the country proud. The globe has been rapidly evolving, which has been made possible by the involvement of numerous engineering fields. According to the number of undergraduates pursuing them, Computer Science Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Engineering in Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, and Civil Engineering are now the top branches.

The table below offers us an indication of the future in their respective branches-

Branches in Engineering

Description of Sectors

Computer Science and Engineering

Software Developers, Testing Engineers, IT Software Project Managers, System Analysts, Technical Support Engineers, IT Technical Content Developers, IT Coordinators, and Applications Developers

Mechanical Engineering

Chemical and pharmaceutical industries, oil and gas industries, automobile industries, power and energy industries, construction industries, aerospace industries, makers of thermal plants and gas turbines, and air conditioning and refrigeration industries

Electrical Engineering

Colleges and Universities, Plant Engineering Departments, Electrical Equipment and System Manufacturing Companies, Power Generation, Transmission, Telecommunication, Railways, and Information Technology Industry

Civil Engineering

Building control surveyor, CAD technician, consulting civil engineer, contracting civil engineer, design engineer, nuclear engineer, site engineer, structural engineer, and water engineer are all examples of professionals that work in the construction industry.

Aeronautical Engineering

Airlines, corporations, flying clubs, private airlines, government-owned air services, aircraft manufacturers, defense research and development organizations, aeronautical laboratories, aeronautical development establishments, civil aviation department, defense services

Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace engineer, systems engineer, aerodynamics engineer, propulsion engineer, structural dynamic engineer, and avionics system manager are all examples of job titles.

Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineer, Process engineer, Oil and petrochemicals risk engineer, Process data engineer, Field assurance engineer, Validation engineer, and piping engineer

Eligibility Criteria For Top Engineering Branches

The prerequisites for admission to engineering programmes differ from institute to institute. One of the essential requirements is that students have completed class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as courses. Several institutes need a minimum percentage of marks in class 12, which varies by the institute. In addition, some institutes have a maximum and minimum age requirement for admission to engineering programmes.

Courses such as Marine Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering also need medical clearance, which students must get before enrolling. Seats at engineering colleges are often assigned through an admission test. Candidates can see the extensive list of qualifying requirements here-




Candidates must have passed the Class 12 exam with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects from a recognized board.

They must also have received a minimum of 60% in all of the aforementioned subjects combined.

BTech Lateral Entry

Candidates must have completed a three-year Diploma issued by a State Government Board of Technical Examination with a minimum of 45 percent aggregate marks or equivalent.


Candidates having a valid GATE score who have finished their BE/BTech degree are eligible for the ME/MTech degree program.


Aspirants must have completed the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)/tenth standard/equivalent examination with at least a 35 percent grade point average in Science and Math.


Aspirants must have a minimum of 55% or 5.5 CPI in BTech/MTech or an equivalent degree in applicable fields.

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BTech Computer Science

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Read More: B Tech Subjects.

Top Engineering Entrances Exams in India 2022 

The majority of engineering colleges in India admit students based on their entrance test results and ranks. Some technical colleges recognize AIR (All India Ranks) obtained in national level examinations, while others have their own entrance tests. 

Here are some of the most popular engineering examinations in India at the undergraduate and graduate levels- 

UG Entrance Exam 

PG Entrance Exam

JEE Main 


JEE Advanced










Universities for Pursuing Top Branches of Engineering Courses of Top

The following table shows the various universities for Engineering Courses-

IIT Bombay

IIT Delhi

IIT Kharagpur

ISI Kolkata

BITS Pilani

Delhi Technological University (DTU)


IIT Roorkee

Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad (MNNIT)


Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore


Manipal Institute of Technology (MIT)

Netaji Subhas University of Technology, Delhi (NSUT)

Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore

Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore (DSCE)

Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram (IIST)



Recruiters for Engineering Students

The following table shows the various recruiters for Engineering Courses-





Tata Motors

 Royal Enfield

Larsen & Toubro Limited


Wipro Lighting Corporate

The Godrej Group

Havells India Limited


Neolex Cables






Robert Bosch

National Instruments


Brigade Group

Mercedes Benz



Hindustan Construction Company

Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL)

Coal India Limited (CIL)

Also Read: Civil Engineering Jobs.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Which engineering field pays the most?

Ans. The Computer Science and Engineering branch is one of the highest-paid engineering specialties. The annual compensation varies from Rs. 2.4 Lakh to Rs. 1 Crore.

What are the highest-paying engineering specialties?

Ans. Computer Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, and Electronics and Communication Engineering.

Who are the top recruiters in India for CSE students?

Ans. IT behemoths such as Facebook, Google, and Twitter hire IITians all around India. Top-tier financial industry behemoths such as Moody’s, Merrill Lynch, Poor & Standard, HSBC, City Bank, and others give Rs. 10-30 Lakh PA to IIT, NIT, VIT, BITS, and Manipal graduates.

Which are the best branches in engineering fields that have the fewest jobs in India?

Ans. Chemical engineering, textile engineering, electronics and instrumentation engineering, biomedical engineering, aeronautical engineering, and Mechatronics engineering, all of which have restricted application and hence fewer career opportunities.

I have a degree in Mechanical Engineering. Which companies will I be working for?

Ans. Mechanical engineers are in high demand in the IT sector. Top employment for mechanical engineers include railways, heavy engineering, shipyards, ports, mining, defense forces, national roads, metro rail corporations, and so on.

What is the starting wage for Electrical and Communication Engineering graduates?

Ans. An EC fresher can expect to earn between Rs. 1.5 and Rs. 3.5 lakh per year.

What are the best Civil Engineering institutions with decent placements?

Ans. Some of the best institutions to study Civil Engineering include Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, College of Engineering, Pune, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, and SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai.

Which is the best branch in the engineering field that has the greatest pay scale?

Ans. When compared to other occupations, engineering has a superior wage structure in general. Architectural engineering, biomedical engineering, civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, aerospace engineering, and computer science engineering, chemical engineering, nuclear engineering, and petroleum engineering are some of the engineering branches with a high package.

Which field of engineering is the most difficult to study?

Ans. There is no tough engineering branch to learn, yet every engineering field is difficult to study. The difficulty of learning a certain branch is totally dependent on the individual studying it. If the student views it as a challenge, he or she will appreciate it; nevertheless, if the student attempts to discover a shortcut, it will be frustrating. If the student views it as a challenge, he or she will like it; nevertheless, if the student attempts to discover a shortcut, studying will be tough.

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