BITSAT 2021 Birla Institute of Technology and Science Aptitude Test
Last Updated: 9th Jun, 2021
24th Jun 2021
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BITSAT 2021 Syllabus

By: Avantika Bhardwaj on February 05, 2020

The Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani which is the conducting body of BITSAT Exam conducted every year released the syllabus for BITSAT 2020 Exam along with the application form on 11th January 2020. The syllabus of the examination is described in detail in the brochure released on the official website of BITS. Students willing to appear in the exam must ensure that they familiarize themselves to BITSAT Syllabus which contains subject wise topics that they must study to qualify the examination. Students are strictly recommended to prepare as per the BITSAT Syllabus described by the institute as the question paper is designed according to it.

BITSAT Application Procedure for 2020 started, Apply Before – 31st March 2020

BITSAT Syllabus generally comprises of topics of Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics, and English and Logical Reasoning. BITSAT 2020 Exam is scheduled to be conducted from 16th May 2020 to 25th May 2020 and students appearing in the exam can refer to these topics to study from in order to qualify the examination. It will be a computer-based test conducted online. Candidates who get to qualify the examination are shortlisted for admission to one of the BITS campuses namely BITS Pilani, BITS Goa, and BITS Hyderabad. It must be noted by students that admission to BITS Goa is done based on the marks obtained by candidates in 12th class.

Highlights of BITSAT Exam Pattern:



Mode of Examination


Duration of Exam

3 hours i.e. 180 minutes

No. of Sections


Name of Sections

Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology, English and Logical Reasoning

Total No. of Questions


Marks Rewarded for Each Correct Answer


Marks Deducted as Penalty for Each Incorrect Answer


BITSAT Question Paper is divided among 4 sections comprising of different number of questions in each section. The brief idea of these four sections is given below:


  • This section comprises of 45 questions.
  • The questions are made from 11th and 12th class syllabus of NCERT Mathematics book.
  • The difficulty level of this section lies between moderate to difficult.


  • The total chapters that students must study from CBSE syllabus is 30. These chapters are taken from class 11th and 12th NCERT books and topics taken from 11th class books hold more weightage than those of class 12th.
  • The total number of questions asked in this section is 45.


  • The subject primarily consists of 18 major topics. These topics dominate the section as the number of questions made from this section is more than that of other topics.
  • Maximum questions are asked from chemical bonding and molecular structure along with equilibrium and hydrocarbons.


  • There are total 23 chapters out of which the questions are made.
  • This is considered one of the toughest sections in BITSAT Question Paper.
  • The major topics from which the questions are asked are Current Electricity, Semiconductors, and laws of motion.


  • This section is further divided in two sub sections namely English Proficiency and Logical Reasoning.
  • There are total 25 questions asked in this section.

BITSAT 2020 Syllabus

The tables given below give detailed descriptions of syllabus of sections asked in BITSAT Exam:

BITSAT 2020 Syllabus – Physics

Units and Measurement

  • Units- Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental
  • Dimensional Analysis
  • Precision and significant figures
  • Fundamental measurements in Physics


  • Properties of vectors
  • Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
  • Motion with constant acceleration
  • Projectile motion
  • Uniform circular motion
  • Relative motion

Newton's Laws of Motion

  • Newton's laws
  • Motion on an inclined plane
  • Motion of blocks with pulley systems
  • Circular motion – centripetal force
  • Inertial and non-inertial frames

Impulse and Momentum

  • Definition of impulse and momentum
  • Conservation of momentum
  • Collisions
  • Momentum of a system of particles
  • Center of mass

Work and Energy

  • Work done by a force
  • Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
  • Power
  • Conservative forces and potential energy
  • Conservation of mechanical energy

Rotational Motion

  • Description of rotation
  • Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
  • Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
  • Torque and angular momentum
  • Conservation of angular momentum
  • Rolling motion


  • Newton's law of gravitation
  • Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
  • Motion of planets

Mechanics of Solids and Fluids

  • Elasticity
  • Pressure, density and Archimedes' principle
  • Viscosity and Surface Tension
  • Bernoulli's theorem


  • Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
  • Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
  • Forced & damped oscillations, resonance


  • Progressive sinusoidal waves
  • Standing waves in strings and pipes
  • Superposition of waves, beats
  • Doppler Effect

Heat and Thermodynamics

  • Kinetic theory of gases
  • Thermal equilibrium and temperature
  • Specific heat, Heat Transfer - Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton's law of cooling Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
  • Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance


  • Coulomb's law
  • Electric field
  • and Electrostatic potential energy
  • Gauss' law and its applications
  • Electric dipole
  • Capacitance and dielectrics

Current Electricity

  • Ohm's law, Joule heating
  • DC circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchhoff's laws, potentiometer, and Wheatstone bridge
  • Electrical Resistance

Magnetic Effect of Current

  • Biot-Savart's law and its applications
  • Ampere's law and its applications
  • Lorentz force, force on current-carrying conductors in a magnetic field
  • Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and ammeter

Electromagnetic Induction

  • Faraday's law, Lenz's law, eddy currents
  • Self and mutual inductance
  • Transformers and generators
  • Alternating current
  • AC circuits, LCR circuits


  • Laws of reflection and refraction
  • Lenses and mirrors
  • Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
  • Interference – Huygens's principle, Young's double slit experiment
  • Interference in thin films
  • Diffraction due to a single slit
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic spectrum
  • Polarization – states of polarization, Malus' law, Brewster's law

Modern Physics

  • Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength
  • Atomic models – Rutherford's experiment, Bohr's atomic model
  • Hydrogen atom spectrum
  • Radioactivity
  • Nuclear reactions

Electronic Devices

  • Energy bands in solids, conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
  • Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
  • Junction transistor
  • Logic gates

Important Books for Physics



Concepts of Physics (Vol 1 and Vol 2)

H. C. Verma

Problems in General Physics

IE Irodov

Arihant Physics

D. C. Pandey

Advanced Level Physics

Nelson and Parker

Fundamentals of Physics

Resnick, Halliday, and Walker

BITSAT 2020 Syllabus – Chemistry

States of Matter

  • Measurement
  • Chemical reactions
  • Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points Gaseous state
  • Liquid state
  • Solid state

Atomic Structure

  • Introduction
  • Quantum mechanics
  • Many electron atoms


  • Valence electrons
  • Molecular Structure
  • Covalent Bond
  • Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.


  • Basic Concepts
  • First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Second Law: Spontaneous and reversible processes and entropy
  • Third Law

Physical and Chemical Equilibria

  • Concentration Units
  • Solutions
  • Physical Equilibrium
  • Chemical Equilibria
  • Ionic Equilibria
  • Factors Affecting Equilibria


  • Redox Reactions
  • Electrolytic Conduction

Chemical Kinetics

  • Aspects of Kinetics
  • Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions
  • Surface Chemistry

Hydrogen and s-block elements

  • Hydrogen
  • S-block elements
  • Alkali metals
  • Alkaline earth metals

p, d, and f-block elements

  • General
  • Group 13 elements
  • Group 14 elements
  • Group 15 elements
  • Group 16 elements
  • Group 17 and group 18 elements
  • d-Block elements
  • f-Block elements
  • Coordination Compounds

Principles of Organic Chemistry and Hydrocarbons

  • Classification
  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond.
  • Alkanes
  • Alkenes and alkynes
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Haloalkanes and haloarenes


  • Ethane conformations; Newman and Sawhorse projections.
  • Geometrical isomerism in alkenes

Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Oxygen and Nitrogen

  • General
  • Specific: Reactivity of -hydrogen in carbonyl compounds

Biological, Industrial and Environmental chemistry

  • Carbohydrates
  • Proteins
  • Nucleic Acids
  • Vitamins
  • Polymers
  • Pollution
  • Chemicals in medicine, healthcare and food

Theoretical Principles of Experimental Chemistry

  • Volumetric Analysis
  • Qualitative analysis of Inorganic Salts:
  • Physical Chemistry Experiments
  • Purification Methods
  • Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds
  • Quantitative Analysis of Organic Compounds
  • Principles of Organic Chemistry Experiments
  • Basic Laboratory Technique

Important Books for Chemistry



Atkins Physical Chemistry


Physical Chemistry

N Awasthi

Organic Chemistry

M. S. Chauhan

Inorganic Chemistry

J. D. Lee

Organic Chemistry

Paula Bruice Yurkanis

Inorganic Chemistry

O. P. Tandon

Physical Chemistry

N Awasthi

BITSAT 2020 Syllabus – English and Logical Reasoning



  • Rearrangement
  • Paragraph Unity
  • Linkers/Connectives

Reading Comprehension

  • Content/ideas
  • Vocabulary
  • Referents
  • Idioms/Phrases
  • Reconstruction (rewording)


  • Agreement, Time and Tense, Parallel construction, Relative pronouns
  • Determiners, Prepositions, Modals, Adjectives
  • Voice, Transformation
  • Question tags, Phrasal verbs


  • Synonyms, Antonyms, Odd Word, One Word, Jumbled letters, Homophones, Spelling
  • Contextual meaning.
  • Analogy

Logical Reasoning

Nonverbal Reasoning

  • Pattern Perception
  • Figure Formation and Analysis
  • Paper Cutting
  • Figure Matrix
  • Rule Detection

Verbal Reasoning

  • Analogy
  • Classification
  • Series Completion
  • Logical Deduction
  • Chart Logic

Important Books for English



BITSAT English Proficiency and Logical Reasoning


Wren and Martin


The Pearson Complete Guide to the BITSAT (English)

One Learn Education

Important Books for Logical Reasoning



BITSAT Explorer


BITSAT Explorer


BITSAT 2020 Syllabus – Biology

Biotechnology and its Applications

  • Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology
  • Microbial technology in food processing
  • Steps in recombinant DNA technology
  • Applications of R-DNA technology in human health
  • Applications in Industry and Agriculture

Biology and Human Welfare

  • Animal husbandry
  • Cancer and AIDS.
  • Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse;
  • Basic concepts of immunology.
  • Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement

Ecology and Environment

  • Meaning of ecology
  • Ecological levels of organization (organism to biosphere)
  • Energy flow
  • Ecological adaptations
  • Biodiversity and Environmental Issues

Reproduction and Development in Humans

  • Male and female reproductive systems
  • Menstrual cycle, Gamete production
  • Embryo development
  • Pregnancy and parturition
  • Birth control and contraception.

Reproduction, Growth and Movement in Plants

  • Asexual methods of reproduction;
  • Sexual Reproduction
  • Growth and Movement
  • Apical dominance, Senescence Abscission, Photo- periodic, Vernalization
  • Various types of movements.

Structure and Function - Animals

  • Human Physiology
  • Body fluids and circulation
  • Excretion system
  • Locomotion and movement
  • Control and co-ordination

Structure and Function – Plants

  • Morphology of a flowering plant
  • Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell) and of nutrients;
  • Mineral nutrition – Macro- and micro-nutrients in plants including deficiency disorders
  • Photosynthesis – Light reaction
  • Respiration – Anaerobic, Fermentation, Aerobic, Glycolysis

Genetics and Evolution

  • Mendelian inheritance
  • Linkage and Crossing over
  • DNA
  • Gene expression and regulation
  • Theories and evidences of evolution, including modern Darwinism.

Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function

  • Cell wall, Cell membrane, Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus/Dictyosome
  • Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells.
  • Cell cycle (various phases), Mitosis, Meiosis.
  • Biomolecules – Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids.
  • Enzymes – Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action.

Diversity in Living World

  • Biology – its meaning and relevance to mankind
  • What is living, Taxonomic categories and aids, Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature.
  • Introductory classification of living organisms
  • Plant kingdom – Salient features of major groups
  • Animal kingdom – Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level.

BITSAT 2020 Syllabus – Mathematics


  • Complex Numbers
  • Theory of Quadratic Equations
  • Arithmetic and Geometric Progression
  • Logarithms and their Properties
  • Exponential Series
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Matrices and Determinants of order two or three
  • Sets, Relations, and Functions
  • Mathematical Reasoning and Methods of Proofs
  • Linear Inequalities


  • Measurement of angles in radians and degree
  • Solution of trigonometric equations
  • Inverse trigonometric functions

Two-Dimensional Coordinate Geometry

  • Cartesian coordinates
  • Straight lines and Pair of straight lines
  • Circles – Equation of circle, parametric equation of circle
  • Conic Sections – Parabola, Ellipse, and Hyperbola

Three-Dimensional Coordinate Geometry

  • Coordinate axes and coordinate planes
  • Angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given and shortest distance between two lines
  • Equation of a plane and plane related questions

Differential Calculus

  • Domain and Range of a real valued function
  • Derivative of different type of functions
  • Geometric Interpretation of Derivatives
  • Increasing and Decreasing functions
  • Rolle's Theorem, Mean Value Theorem, and Intermediate Value theorem

Integral Calculus

  • Integration – as inverse process of differentiation
  • Methods of integration
  • Definite integrals and their properties
  • Applications of definite integrals

Ordinary Differential Equations

  • Order and Degree of a differential equation
  • Solution of homogeneous differential equations
  • Linear first order differential equations


  • Various terminologies in probability
  • Conditional Probability
  • Independent Events
  • Discrete random variables


  • Direction ratio and Cosines of vectors, addition of vectors
  • Dot and cross products of two vectors
  • Scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretation


  • Measures of Dispersion
  • Analysis of frequency distribution

Linear Programming

  • Various terminology and formulation of linear programming
  • Solution of linear programming using feasible methods

Mathematical Modelling

  • Formulation of simple real-life problem, solution using matrices.

Important Books for Mathematics



Higher Algebra

Hall Knight and Bernard

Differential Calculus


Class 11th and 12th R D Sharma

R. D. Sharma

Problems in Calculus in One Variable Algebra

I A Maron

Important Books for Overall BITSAT 2020 Exam



A Complete Success Package for BITSAT


Comprehensive Guide to BITSAT with Mock Test CD

Insta Reports and Sync Facility

The Pearson Complete Guide to BITSAT


Comprehensive Guide to BITSAT Online Test with Past Papers


BITSAT 2021 Exam Pattern

BITSAT is an online test. The total time duration of the test is 3 hours and the test consists of 4 sections-

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • English and Logical Reasoning

There will be 150 questions in all.


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