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Mayank Mishra

Updated on 28th May, 2024 , 9 min read

LLB Syllabus and Subjects: Semester-wise, Entrance Exam Syllabus 2024

Course

LLB Syllabus and Subjects

The LLB course syllabus helps the students become efficient graduates of the law. Some of the important subjects are taxation law, family law, environmental law, etc.

Further Reading: BA LLB Subjects

LLB Course 

In general, the syllabus of the LLB course is structured as a core and elective subject. The LLB subjects are divided and taught over six semesters, including the basic law subjects as a foundation course for the first three years. The course focuses on different law concepts, and the students must practice under a senior attorney as a junior from the third year, i.e. last semester, to gain exposure and experience. Internships form an important component of law education.

LLB Subjects: Semester-Wise

The semester-wise syllabus of LLB has been presented in the infographic below.

llb-syllabus

LLB Syllabus: 1st Year

The table below contains the subjects from LLB for the first year:

1st Semester 

2nd Semester 

Family Law I

Family Law II

Law of Contract I

Law of Contract II

Law of Crimes

Constitutional Law II

Constitutional Law I

Professional Ethics, Bar Bench Relations and Accountancy for Lawyers

Women and Law (Elective)

Healthcare Law (Elective)

Criminology and Penology (Elective)

Law and Media (Elective)

RTI and PIL (Elective)

Election Law (Elective)

Further Reading: How to Become a Lawyer In India

LLB Syllabus: 2nd Year

The table below contains the subjects from LLB second year:

3rd Semester 

4th Semester 

Law of Evidence

Jurisprudence

Legal Language

Tort and Consumer Protection Act, Motor Vehicle Act

Human Rights and International Law

Interpretation of Statutes

Arbitration, Conciliation, and Alternate Dispute Resolution System

Taxation Law

Comparative Laws (Elective)

Drafting, Pleading, and Conveyancing 

Conflict Laws (Elective)

Company Law

Comparative Laws (Elective)

Administrative Law

LLB Syllabus: 3rd Year

The table below contains the subjects from LLB third year:

5th Semester 

6th Semester 

Code of Criminal Procedure Limitation Act

Code of Criminal Procedure, Juvenile Justice Act, and Probation Offenders Act

Property Laws

Environmental Law

IPR

Labor Laws

Banking Laws

Land Laws

Insurance Laws

Practical Training and Moot Courts

Must Read: What is the difference between a Lawyer and an Advocate? 

LLB Subjects List

LLB course subjects are often divided into core and elective. Students can choose from the elective LLB subject list based on their interests, career scopes, or future education goals. Core subjects are considered essential for the student's learning and are mostly the same across all colleges. Below is the list of common LLB subjects taught in universities.

  • Constitutional Law
  • Contract Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Tort Law
  • Property Law
  • Family Law
  • Administrative Law
  • Jurisprudence
  • Legal Methods and Legal Systems
  • International Law
  • Environmental Law
  • Human Rights Law
  • Labor and Employment Law
  • Company Law
  • Tax Law
  • Intellectual Property Law
  • Evidence and Procedure
  • Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution
  • Cyber Law
  • Public International Law
  • Legal Research and Writing
  • Legal History

LLB Subjects: Core

  • Labor Laws
  • Administrative Law
  • Jurisprudence
  • Taxation Law
  • Law of Evidence
  • Family Law
  • Law of Contract

LLB Subjects: Elective

  • Women and Law
  • Comparative Laws
  • Conflict of Laws
  • Trust and Equity
  • Election Law
  • Law and Media
  • Healthcare Law

LLB Subjects: Optional

The LLB program is three years long, but most universities now break it into six semesters. The program's curriculum is essentially the same, but as far the University of Delhi is concerned, it can offer a variety of electives. In this case, students will have the option of selecting from a list of optional courses.

  • Contract
  • Trust
  • Women & Law
  • Criminology
  • International Economics Law

LLB Subjects: Projects

When LLB principles are applied to a project, they become more understandable. Projects are important in imparting expertise on strong LLB research, marketing, and production methods. Some of the popular LLB projects are:

  • Mercy Fairness & Death Penalty in India
  • Comparative View of Anti-Corruption Law
  • Copyright in the Digital Era
  • Study on Capital Punishment
  • Abetment is a Crime

LLB Subjects: Entrance Exam 2024

In most cases, students must take a common national entrance exam, such as CLAT or AILET, when applying for a course. CLAT is the most widely used LLB entrance exam. However, some states have an entrance exam for students interested in pursuing a legal career.

Name of the Entrance Exam

Important Dates

Application Fees

CUET

9th Feb – 30th Mar 2024

INR 1750

CUET PG

7th Mar 2024

INR 800

TS LAWCET

2nd Mar – 29th Apr 2024

INR 800

ITM NEST

21st Feb – 21st Apr 2024

INR 1000

IPU CET

1st Feb – 31st Mar 2024

INR 1000

CUSAT CAT

27th Jan – 26th Feb 2024

INR 1000

AMU BA LLB

10th Feb – 22nd Mar 2024

INR 900

NMIMS Entrance Test

6th Dec 2023 – 21st Mar 2024

INR 2000

MH CET LAW

18th Jan – 4th Mar 2024

INR 650

AJEE

1st – 28th Apr 2024

INR 500

IUET

21st Feb – 4th Mar 2024

INR 1000

LPUNEST

20th Jan – 29th Feb 2024

INR 1000

AP LAWCET

23rd Mar – 22nd Apr 2024

INR 800

ULSAT

1st Feb – 25th Apr 2024

INR 1350

LLB Subjects: Entrance Exam Syllabus

The syllabus for the vast majority of the entrance exams is the same. The table below contains some subjects from the LLB entrance exam syllabus:

Topics 

Subjects

English

Phrase Replacement

Fill in the blanks

Tenses

Sentence Sequential Arrangement 

Correcting Incorrect Grammar Sentences

Error Spotting

Current Affairs

Sports

Schemes

Significant Historical Events

National & International Affairs

Summits & conferences

Science & Technology

Logical Reasoning

Syllogism

Statement & Inference

Weakening & Strengthening Arguments

Statement & Assumption

Statement & Course of Action

Quantitative Aptitude

Charts, Bars, and Other Graphical Representations

Caselet D I (Passage Based)

Mixed Graphs

Elementary Mathematics

Bar Graph

Pie Chart

Legal Reasoning

Indian Constitution

Legal Maxims

Important Supreme Court Judgments

Current Affairs

Important & Recent Acts and Amendments of the Legislature

Contract Law

Constitutional Law

Also Read: Judge Salary in India

LLB Subjects: Recommended Books

Reference books help the aspirant understand the different laws of any country, along with real-life examples. Some of the LLB books aspirants will come across in the syllabus of law are listed below:

Book Name

Author Name

Jurisprudence

John William Salmond

Law of Contracts

Avtar Singh

Principles of Hindu Law

Mulla

The Law of Torts

Ratanlal and Dhirajlal

Constitutional Law of India

Seervai HM

BA LLB Subjects 

Students learn about different types of law and how they apply to different legal systems worldwide. The following are BA LLB subjects focused on understanding national law and regulation.

1) Environmental Law

The subject focuses on the current laws on environmental protection, climate change, pollutant burden principles, waste treatment and economic law, sewage treatment, hazardous waste treatment, electronic waste, etc.

2) Intellectual Property Law

Intellectual property law covers the complexity of copyrights, trademarks, patents, and licenses and explains how they work to empower individuals without compromising the broad interests of the community.

3) Psychology and Law or Legal Psychology

Lawyers who are interested in studying human behavior and psychologists interested in law are leading the psychology field. The most common careers in this field are Clinical psychology, criminal research, public policy, and forensic psychology 

4) Constitutional Law

Constitutional law is one of the most important branches of a country's legal system and an even more important aspect in the Law course. It deals with the study and interpretation of various articles, sections, doctrines, and provisions of the Constitution. 

5) Contracts

In the legal department of BA and LLB compulsory subjects, Contract law is an important component. It establishes what constitutes a good contract and what constitutes a valid offer and acceptance, as well as other requirements for a contract to be legally enforceable.

6) Criminal Law

Criminal Lawyers are well known for dealing with crime cases, trial procedures, and application procedures for criminals. They are expected to work within the set rules of the country and must work within the regulations of the court.

7) Corporate Law

Corporate law is related and linked to the company and corporate offices. They often hire corporate lawyers who are well-versed in labour laws, taxation, and similar areas. They protect the company from all legal damages and atrocities and help in the smooth functioning.

8) Human Rights Laws

Human rights include various rights such as survival, political, environmental, social, and cultural rights. By specializing in it, lawyers work with international organizations such as the United Nations and Amnesty International.

LLB Subjects: CLAT

The Common Law Admission Test, popularly known as CLAT, is a national-level entrance test. It is conducted by the Consortium of NLUs and the Bar Council of India for admission to law courses such as LLB, BBA LLB, BSc LLB, and LLM. It is an offline examination lasting 2 hours with 120–150 questions. The minimum eligibility for the CLAT exam is to pass 10+2 from a recognized board. 

CLAT Exam Pattern

Tabulated below is the latest pattern for the CLAT examination:

Category

Undergraduate Program

Postgraduate Program

Duration

2 hours

2 hours

Exam Mode

Offline (pen-paper based)

Offline (pen-paper based)

Number of Questions

150

120

Type of Questions

Objective-type, comprehension-based questions

Objective-type, comprehension-based questions

Subjects

English Language   
Current Affairs, including GK   
Legal Reasoning   
Logical Reasoning   
Quantitative Techniques

Constitutional Law   
Other Law Subjects, including Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR and Jurisprudence.

Total Marks

150 marks

120 marks

Marking scheme

+1 mark for a correct answer.   
-1 mark for 4 wrong answers.

+1 mark for a correct answer.   
-1 mark for 4 wrong answers.

CLAT Syllabus

The following table represents the latest subject-wise syllabus for the CLAT examination:

Subjects

Topics Covered

Number of Questions

Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

Contemporary Events of National and International Significance, Art and Culture, International Affairs, Historical Events of significance

35-39

English Language

Passages, Reading, Comprehension, Inference and Conclusion, Summary, Vocabulary etc.

28-32

Logical Reasoning

Argument - Premise and Conclusion, Inference, Relationships and Analogies, Contradictions and Equivalence, etc.

28-32

Quantitative Techniques

Basic Algebra, Mensuration, Statistical Estimation, Graphs, Numerical Information, Ratio and Proportion, etc.

13-17

Legal Reasoning

Rules and Passages of Law, Application of the rules and passages, etc.

35-39

LLB Subjects: LSAT

The Law School Admission Test, popularly known as the LSAT. It is conducted for law courses like BA LLB, BCom LLB, LLB, LLM, etc. The LSAT Exam is conducted twice a year, and it is an online proctored exam. 

LSAT Exam Pattern 

Tabulated below is the latest pattern for the LSAT examination:

Subjects/ Sections

Number of Questions

Time Allotted

Analytical Reasoning

24

35 Minutes

Reading Comprehension

24

35 Minutes

Logical Reasoning – I

24

35 Minutes

Logical Reasoning – II

24

35 Minutes

Total

92 -100 questions

140 Minutes

LSAT Syllabus 

The following table represents the latest subject-wise syllabus of the LSAT examination:

Analytical Reasoning

Logical Reasoning

Reading Comprehension

Selection   
Comparison   
Logical deductions   
Arrangement Intersection   
Type Coding & Decoding   
Direction   
Family Based Problems, etc.

Cubes   
Calendar   
Clock   
Venn diagram   
Binary Logic   
Logical Matching   
Syllogism   
Blood Relation   
Logical Connectives   
Seating Arrangements, etc

Sociology   
Technology   
Law   
Economics   
Business   
Psychology   
Philosophy etc.

DU LLB Exam Pattern

Tabulated below is the latest pattern for the DU LLB examination:

Category

LLB

LLM

Duration

2 hours

2 hours

Exam Mode

Online (Computer-based Test)

Online (Computer Based Test)

Number of Questions

100

100

Type of Questions

Multiple Choice Questions

Multiple Choice Questions

Subjects

English Language   
Current Affairs,   
General Knowledge   
Legal Reasoning   
Logical Reasoning   
Quantitative Techniques

English Language   
Current Affairs,   
Legal Reasoning   
General Knowledge   
Logical Reasoning   
Quantitative Techniques

Exam Language

English Only

English Only

Total Marks

400 marks

400 marks

Marking scheme

+4 mark for a correct answer.   
-1 mark for wrong answers.

+1 mark for a correct answer.   
-1 mark for wrong answers.

DU LLB Syllabus

The following table represents the latest subject-wise syllabus of the DU LLB examination:

Subjects

Topics Covered

Number of Questions

English Language Comprehension

Unseen passages   
Grammar & comprehension   
Proverbs Antonyms & synonyms   
One word substitute   
Sentence and word correction   
Spell checks

25

Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

History   
Political Science   
Economics and Environment   
Current affairs of national and international importance

25

Legal Awareness and Aptitude

Legal propositions   
Conclusions   
Legal Maxims   
Bare Acts of the Indian   
Constitution

25

Analytical Abilities

Logical Reasoning   
Analytical Reasoning   
Number Systems   
Percentage & Average   
Profit Loss   
Time Speed and Distance   
Areas Mensuration   
Probability   
Venn Diagrams   
People Work and Time   
Blood Relations Sets, Missing Numbers & Series   
Statistics Graphs

25

Courses for Law Students

Both undergraduate and postgraduate law courses are becoming increasingly popular in India among law students. In India, there are a variety of courses available, including integrated, certification, and diploma programs. Law courses are among the most popular in India, owing to society's growing awareness of its rights and responsibilities. Below are some of the courses that are beneficial for students. 

  • Corporate Law Courses
  • Cyber Law Courses
  • International Law Courses
  • Business Law Courses
  • Criminal Law Courses
  • Maritime Law Courses
  • Environmental Law Courses
  • Commercial Law Courses
  • Media Law Courses
  • Consumer Law Courses
  • Taxation Law
  • Air and Space Law Course
  • Energy Law Course
  • Competition Law Course

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the subjects included in the LLB program?

LLB subjects typically cover areas such as Constitutional Law, Contract Law, Criminal Law, Property Law, Administrative Law, Legal Methods, Jurisprudence, and more.

Can you provide a list of LLB subjects?

The subjects may vary depending on the university, but common LLB subjects include Civil Law, Criminal Law, Administrative Law, Constitutional Law, Corporate Law, International Law, Intellectual Property Law, and Legal Research.

What is the LLB syllabus like?

The LLB syllabus usually covers foundational legal principles, case studies, legal research and writing, legal procedures, legal drafting, moot court exercises, internships, and practical training.

How long is the LLB program?

The LLB program is typically a 3-year undergraduate degree. However, in some countries, such as India and the UK, it can be a 5-year integrated program that combines a bachelor's degree with an LLB.

Can I specialize in a particular Law Subject?

Yes, many LLB programs offer elective subjects that allow students to specialize in specific areas of law according to their interests and career aspirations. Elective subjects can vary and may include areas such as Family Law, Intellectual Property Law, Human Rights Law, Environmental Law, etc.

Are practical experiences included in LLB subjects?

Practical experiences are often an integral part of LLB programs. They may include moot court exercises, legal clinics, internships with law firms or legal organizations, and participation in mock trials. These experiences provide hands-on exposure to legal practice and enhance practical skills.

Are LLB subjects the same worldwide?

LLB subjects can vary across countries and universities. While certain core subjects like Constitutional Law, Contract Law, and Criminal Law are common, the inclusion of specific subjects and their depth may vary based on the legal system and educational requirements of each jurisdiction.

How can I stay updated with LLB subjects and changes in the law?

Staying updated with LLB subjects and changes in the law is essential. You can stay informed through legal publications, academic journals, attending seminars, joining professional legal associations, and engaging in continuous professional development opportunities.

Is studying LLB difficult?

LLB, whether three year or five year, is not a very difficult course to pursue as compared to other professional courses such as BTech and MBBS.

Do I need to appear for CLAT for admission to LLB degree?

No,  CLAT exam is conducted only for admissions to five-years LLB courses and LLM course. For admission to an LLB degree, candidates have to appear for the entrance exam conducted by the university/ law colleges.

Is Mathematics compulsory for LLB course?

As per the eligibility criteria of the LLB course, the candidates holding a bachelor degree in any discipline can pursue the course. No such requirement of Mathematics as a mandatory subject for admission to an LLB course.

What is the minimum percentage required for admission to an LLB degree?

Candidates should have secured at least 55-50% marks in their bachelor degree for admission to the LLB degree. However, every law school/ university in India provides relaxation of 5% marks to Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe candidates.

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