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Nikita Parmar

Updated on 13th December, 2023 , 5 min read

Deemed University: Meaning, List, Types, Difference Between State University and Deemed University, Benefits

What is a Deemed University?

Deemed university, also known as deemed-to-be-university, is the recognition given to higher education institutions in India by the DHE (Department of Higher Education). On the recommendation of UGC (University Grant Commission), this status is conferred under the MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development). There are 130 deemed institutions in India, with Tamil Nadu having the most—28. The designated university has complete independence. It is free to choose how the course will be taught, how much it will cost, and how admissions criteria will be implemented.

Deemed University

Types of Universities in India

According to government regulations, institutions are categorised according to the type of education and courses they provide. The UGC in India recognises universities. In addition to UGC, there are currently 15 Professional Councils that regulate different facets of accreditation.

In India right now, there are 789 universities. These institutions of higher learning are divided into Central, State, Private, and Deemed-to-be universities. Look at the table below to see how many universities there are overall in India, broken down by category.


Total Number

State Universities


Deemed-to-be Universities


Central Universities


Private Universities




Now, let's understand what each of these categories means-

Type of University


Central University

Established or incorporated by the Central Act, these universities are put under the direct purview of the Ministry of Human Resource and Development's Department of Higher Education. Assam University, University of Delhi, Rajiv Gandhi University, Sikkim University, Aligarh Muslim University, etc. are some of the central universities in India.

Private Universities

These are also UGC-approved but are not central or state-funded. Also, they cannot establish off-campus colleges or further affiliate any other college or institution but are allowed to grant degrees. They strictly need to adhere to UGC's prescribed rules and regulations for their operations and are inspected in a timely basis by UGC's committees as well.

State Universities

Incorporated under the Provincial or State Act, these universities are founded, funded, and operated by the state government. Also, they have the authority to confer as well as grant degrees to individuals.

Deemed Universities

Mainly referred to as a high performing institution, a Deemed-to-be-university is given the status of autonomy by the MHRD's Department of Higher Education. They have complete autonomy to decide their offered programs, syllabus, application and admission procedure as well as fees. If a deemed university continues to perform well, they have the potential chance of becoming a full-fledged university.

Autonomous Institutes & Colleges

Allowed autonomy to control their admissions, courses, syllabus, and other operations, autonomous institutes and colleges are administered by the Department of Higher Education, MHRD. Autonomous colleges have their affiliation to a particular university which issues degrees on their behalf while autonomous institutes are more like deemed universities and can grant diplomas as well as enjoy the autonomy of their admissions, courses, etc.

Top Deemed Universities in India

Below is a list of Deemed Universities in India's main states and union territories is according to Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956-

State/ Union Territory

Deemed Universities

Andhra Pradesh

Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth

Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation


Indian Agricultural Research Institute

Indian Law Institute

Jamia Hamdard

National Museum Institute of History of Arts

Conservation and Musicology

Indian Institute of Foreign Trade

National University of Educational Planning & Administration

Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan

Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapith

Jammu & Kashmir

Central University


National Institute of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship

& Management (NIFTEM)

Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University)

National Brain Research Centre

Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies


Chitkara University

West Bengal

Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational & Research Institute


Chandigarh University


Banasthali Vidyapith

Birla Institute of Technology & Science

Jain Vishva Bharati Institute

Janardan Rai Nagar Rajasthan Vidyapeeth


Bharati Vidyapeeth

Central Institute of Mass Communication

Datta Meghe College of Engineering

Dr D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth

Gokhale Institute of Politics & Economics

Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies

Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences

Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

Tata Institute of Social Sciences

Difference between Deemed, Autonomous & Private Institutes

Deemed-to-be University

Autonomous Institutes

Private University

Can decide their own syllabus

More academic freedom to change courses and syllabus

Can decide their own syllabus

Can grant diploma or degree to students

Degrees are mostly awarded by affiliated university (except for some Central / state funded institutes like IIMs and IITs)

Can grant diploma or degree to students, post approval from UGC

Full autonomy or independence in deciding courses, syllabus, admissions and fees

Independent control over their daily operations, syllabus, admission procedure

Needs to adhere to UGC rules and regulations for daily operations

Autonomy granted by Department of Higher Education (DHE), MHRD, on the advice of UGC

Fall under the administrative control of Department of Higher Education (DHE), MHRD

UGC approved institutes

Deemed University Meaning: How is it Categorised?

A university must do a few actions in order to receive the UGC's designation of "deemed to be university." They are as follows:

  1. The said university should have been awarded the highest score by the NAAC, in some circumstances, the NBA for five consecutive cycles.
  2. For the NBA, credit should be given for each course that qualifies. During the application process, the university can also aim for the highest NAAC/NBA category or snag a spot on the list of the top 100 institutions in the National Ranking Framework.
  3. In terms of academics, teaching strategies, research facilities, etc., the university should satisfy all the requirements of a good institution.
  4. The institution should be conferring five post-graduate degrees in addition to undergraduate ones for 3 years in succession.
  5. It should be involved in various research and scholarly activities, along with different publication works. Faculty of Humanities should have a minimum of 10 publications, Faculty of Engineering and Medicine should have a minimum of 15 publications in journals referred by UGC, per year.
  6. According to UGC standards, the university should have a large number of full-time teaching staff members for both teaching and research operations.
  7. The institution should have the necessary facilities and infrastructure for doing research and collecting data.
  8. The institution should be able to prove that it has received money for numerous research projects from a variety of commercial and governmental organisations.
  9. The institution should formally provide social and humanitarian services.
  10. The university should consent to not offering courses via distance learning.

Difference between State Universities and Deemed Universities

State Universities

Deemed Universities

Establish by a law passed by the legislature of a state

It is ‘deemed to be a university as defined in the UGC act of 1956

State universities decide their fee structure and course curriculum using a streamlined approach while keeping in mind that courses are affordable and economical

A deemed university has the autonomy to design its course fees and structure the way it wants to

Offers various facilities but not as advanced as Deemed Universities

State-of-the-art infrastructure and advanced facilities 

Grant degrees to the enrolled students

May or may not grant degrees as it depends on the course structure they choose

Benefits of Studying in Deemed University

The UGC designation on your institution is a benefit; a deemed university is one that has received recognition for outstanding performance based on its standards for education and research. All universities are equal when it comes to higher education, however because of their facilities, faculty, and course structures, deemed institutions are preferred for research and specialisation.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Deemed universities are neither completely private universities, nor they are completely under the government. A Deemed-to-be university is affiliated to the UGC but enjoys autonomy in deciding courses, syllabus, fees and admission process.

Deemed Universities are regarded as being on par with universities in terms of quality since they provide students with excellent educational opportunities and top-notch courses.

Yes, the degree of Deemed University is reputable and valid as it is recognized by the government.

Kindly go through the eligibility criteria under clause 4.00 of the UGC (Institutions Deemed to be Universities) Regulations, 2019 for general category and clause 6.04 for applying under de-novo category.

There are 130 deemed universities in India, with Tamil Nadu having the most—28.

A state university is established when legislation is passed by the state government. A deemed university is self-funded. The state government fully supports and builds a state university, which must adhere to UGC rules. The deemed university is permitted to establish its own curriculum and cost structure.

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