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Mayank Mishra

Updated on 21st November, 2023 , 10 min read

BSc Courses after 12th: List, Career Options


Bachelor of Science courses is highly pursued by students who pass the class 12th in the science stream. Government as well as private institutes in India, provide enormous specializations. In order to get admission into BSc courses after 12th, students must read Physics, Mathematics or Biology, and Chemistry subjects in 12th grade.

The most popular course that students take upon graduation after class XII is science. It was pointed out earlier that students with a class 12th in science prioritize engineering. However, things are changing. Other fields are also open to students with a class 12th in science. The duration of B.Sc. courses is of 3 years. Also Read: Top Biotechnology Courses after 12th

Many approved universities in India, such as Delhi University, Christ University, Sai Nath University, etc., held admission processes for BSc courses. Someone who has taken a specialized education in the BSc can step forward for either advanced education or employment in the related field.

Candidates with expertise and experience in the fields of nursing or computer science are paid well. The annual fee for the bachelor's degree programmes in science ranges from rupees 8,000 to 45,000 annually.

After completing class 12, most students pursue a Bachelor's degree. Students in all fields can benefit from a B.Sc. degree as it offers the best and most lucrative career options. There are several specializations available to students in the area of B.Sc.

More BSc Courses:

BSc Horticulture

BSc Nutrition and Dietetics

BSc Geography

BSc Honours

BSc Biology

BSc Zoology

BSc Nursing

BSc Sports Management

BSc Biotechnology

BSc Agriculture

BSc Fashion Designing

BSc Microbiology

BSc Psychology

BSc Environmental Science

BSc Genetics


BSc Computer Science

BSc Anthropology

BSc Electronics

BSc Forensic Science


BSc Courses After 12th Highlights

Course NameBachelor of Science
Course LevelUndergraduate
Admission ProcessDirect admission to colleges. However, some colleges may check students' skills through an entrance test.
Average Starting SalaryINR 3-6 lacs
Course FeeINR 10,000 – 50,000
Duration3 years
Eligibility10+2 from a recognized University
Examination TypeSemester System
Application TypeOnline & Offline

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BSc Courses After 12th Admission 

BSc course admission regularly commences in the UGC-approved university in India from January to the end of December. Most universities use the online application process to help them accept applications. While some universities in India still accept applications via the paper-based method.

Candidates who aim to study the BSc specialized programs must submit the applications before the last date with an enrollment fee. The registration/enrollment fee can easily be seen from an amount of INR 250 to INR 1000 respectively. The late submission of applications may cost an additional amount other than the original fee.

Admission to BSc programs is based not only on performance on the entrance exam but also on academic performance. It should be noted that universities occasionally accept applicants using either mode (entrance test or academic scores).

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B.Sc Course: Eligibility Criteria

For enrolling in a B.Sc. course, students need to go through the eligibility criteria. 

Students who want to admit to B.Sc. course study must complete their 10th and 12th classes from a relevant stream study. 

The Science stream is a must for the students to enroll in the B.Sc. course study.

Courses After 12th in India 

  1. BSc Medical Laboratory Technology
  2. BSc Hons Physics
  3. BSc Physics
  4. BSc Chemistry
  5. BSc Mathematics
  6. BSc Zoology
  7. BSc Computer Science
  8. BSc Biotechnology
  9. BSc Microbiology
  10. BSc Electronics
  11. BSc Biochemistry
  12. BSc Psychology
  13. BSc Botany
  14. BSc Information Technology
  15. BSc Statistics
  16. BSc Economics
  17. BSc Geology
  18. BSc Geography

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The BSc is a specialist course intended for graduates with advanced practical experience. BSc is an advanced course for science students. Over the list of fields, students can choose the best & most preferred BSc specialization.

Students don't have to worry about if they didn't understand the lessons while studying. For that, students will be served with seminars, conferences, and workshops. Best science colleges across India that provide BSc courses for an industry-oriented scholarship in which students get ready for work in any particular organization and make their career bright.

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BSc Courses After 12th: Entrance Exams

  1. All India Entrance Exam for Admission (AIEEA)
  2. Uttar Pradesh Combined Agriculture & Technology Entrance Test (UPCATET)
  3. BHU Undergraduate Entrance Test (BHU UET)
  4. Pantnagar University Entrance Exam
  5. Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET)
  6. Joint Admission Test (JAM)
  7. GIPE BSc Entrance Exam
  8. Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) for PhD
  9. National Entrance Screening Test (NEST) for Integrated M.Sc.
  10. Regional Institute of Education (RIE) Common Entrance Exam (CEE)
  11. HBNI M.Sc. and DMRIT Admission Test (HBNI CAT)
  12. GITAM Science Admissions Test (GSAT)

BSc Courses After 12th: Fee Structure

Course NameFees (Approx.)
BSc in BotanyRs. 15000/-
BSc in GeologyRs. 15097/-
BSc in AgricultureRs. 15194/-
BSc in Hardware & NetworkingRs. 15291/-
BSc (Hons.) in PhysicsRs. 15388/-
BSc in PsychologyRs. 15485/-
BSc (Hons) in BotanyRs. 15582/-
BSc in Digital MediaRs. 15679/-
BSc in EconomicsRs. 15776/-
BSc in Fire & SafetyRs. 15873/-
BSc in GeographyRs. 15970/-
BSc in TelecommunicationRs. 16067
BSc in ElectronicsRs. 16164/-
BSc in Electronics & CommunicationRs. 16261/-
BSc in Environmental ScienceRs. 16358/-
BSc in Home ScienceRs. 16455/-
BSc in MultimediaRs. 16552/-
BSc in Physical SciencesRs. 16649/-
BSc in Mass CommunicationRs. 16746/-
BSc in Medical Laboratory TechnologyRs. 16843/-
BSc in Software EngineeringRs. 16940/-
BSc in ITRs. 17037/-
BSc in PhysicsRs. 17134/-
BSc in MicrobiologyRs. 17231/-
BSc (Hons) in MicrobiologyRs. 17328/-
BSc in Hotel Management TourismRs. 17425/-
BSc in Jewellery DesignRs.. 17522/-

Note: The above-mentioned fees may vary from university to university. Students are requested to verify the course fees from the desired university before taking admission.

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Best BSc Courses After 12th

In this section, you will find a list of the most popular and challenging BSc courses that can be chosen by students after they have completed their 12th grade. Various Indian colleges offer a wide variety of courses, so you can take whichever one you like. If students want to pursue a career in the science field, they might be able to select the best and preferred BSc program that fits their interests. The colleges listed below offer the following BSc programs as part of their undergraduate programs

BSc in Agriculture

This BSc Courses After 12th is aimed at educating students about Agriculture Practices and methods. BSc agriculture is a year undergraduate-level programme. There are six significant subjects in this course.

Eligibility10+2 in Science Stream 
Approx Fee (per year)INR 10,000/- to 1,00,000/-
Duration3 Years

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The subjects in BSc Agriculture are Agronomy (Agriculture), Forestry, Veterinary Science, Fisheries, Home Science, and Horticulture. The goal of the course is to teach students about the best farming practices & work on methods to increase production and yield in agriculture.

The starting salary after successfully completing BSc Courses may be Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 4,50,000 per annum. Public jobs pay higher wages than companies.

BSc Nursing Course After 12th

Eligibility10+2 with Biology
Approx Fee (per year)INR 10,000 to 1.5 Lakhs
Duration3 Years
  1. The Bachelor of Science in Nursing Course After 12th educates students on the study & practices of Nursing and Midwifery. There are seven significant subjects in this course. All topics are designed for National Health policies.
  2. The subjects in BSc nursing are Nutrition, Psychology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Child Health Nursing, and Anatomy. This course is intended to develop critical thinking skills and provide guidance following national health policies for nursing.
  3. Early wages in nursing practice will be about Rs. 90,000 to Rs. 2,50,000 per year. The packages reach up to Rs. 4,50,000 per annum with experience.

Read More: MSc Course, Degree, Syllabus, Duration, Admission, Colleges

Read More: Top MSc Entrance Exams in India

BSc Horticulture

Eligibility10+2 with Science Stream
Approx Fee (per year)INR 10,000 to 2 lakhs
Duration3 Years

BSc Horticulture consists of subjects like Crop Physiology, Soil Conservation, Pest Management, Agro Informatics, Farm Machinery, Renewable Energy, and Water Management. The course focuses on the study of crop development. Students are taught how to boost productivity through different plants and gardening methods.

The pay depends on the form of work. Government jobs should pay wages between Rs. 3,00,000 – Rs. 4,00,000 a year. There is much less to be paid for personal work.

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BSc Zoology

The undergraduate degree of Bachelor of Science in Zoology is typically completed in 3 years & consists of both advanced research work

Eligibility10+2 with Biology or equivalent
Approx Fee (per year)INR 10000 to 2 lacs
Duration3 Years

In this course, students are educated about the study & research of Animal Sciences completion. After successfully completing BSc in Zoology program, students will be able to work in the biodiversity fields.

The subjects you have to learn in BSc Zoology include Animal Biotechnology, Environmental Management, Animal Bioinformatics, Biodiversity Studies, and Ecosystem Monitoring. The course covers animal physiology and the biological climate. The course aims to train students to work in fields such as conserving biodiversity, monitoring habitats, etc.

A minimum package after completing this course is Rs 1,50,000/- to Rs 2,50,000/- can be anticipated by graduates annually. The probability of salaries after M.Sc is more substantial.

BSc (Hons) Computer Science

The subjects consist of Website design, Object-Oriented Programming, Software Engineering, and Algorithms. This course helps students to learn software creation and coding for computer programs and programming languages. The course prepares students for various positions in the IT industry.

Eligibility10+2 with 45% aggregate marks
Approx Fee (per year)INR 20,000 to 1 lakh/year
Duration3 Years

It is a booming area nowadays, the package ranging from Rs. 2,50,000 to Rs. 4,00,000 or can depend on the student's skills & also depending on the college.

BSc (Hons) Physics

Eligibility10+2 with Science Stream
Approx Fee (per year)INR 10,000 to 60,000
Duration3 Years

The subjects in BSc Hons Physics are Semiconductors, Waves, Optics, Statistical Physics, Nuclear Physics, Electromagnetic Theory, and Electricity Magnetism. The course aims to educate students in physics, e-commerce, optics, mechanics, and electronics in all fundamental fields.

The salary after completing BSc courses ranges from Rs. 3,00,000 to Rs. 5,00,000 per year or maybe depending on the student's skills.

BSc Biotechnology

Eligibility12th with Relevant Subjects
Approx Fee (per year)INR 3,000 to 1 lakh
Duration3 Years

BSc Biotechnology subjects are Cell Biology, Genetics, Bioenergetics and biomembranes, Molecular Biology, Industrial Biotechnology, and Plant Biotechnology. As an applied science, genetic analysis and environmental biotechnology are listed in this course. The goal of the course is to train students at a high level of microbial research to improve their human lives.

BSc (Hons) Chemistry 

Eligibility12th with Science Stream
Approx Fee (per year)INR 10,000 to 1 lakh per year
Duration3 Years

The subjects are Inorganic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Physical Chemistry. The combined study of matter, energy, and entropy is also studied. Specific atoms, molecules, and substances are also taught in this course.

Based on graduation, college salary can vary between Rs. 3,00,000 and Rs. 5,00,000.

BSc Biochemistry

Eligibility12th with Science Stream
Approx Fee (per year)INR 30,000 – 1.5 lakh per year
Duration3 Years

The subjects are Biomolecules, Enzymology, Intermediary Metabolism, Molecular Biology, Clinical Biochemistry, and Immunology. The course involves the study of chemical products and processes in conjunction with living organisms. This course will prepare the student for the physiochemical process study.

After graduating in this field, Rs. 1,20,000 to Rs. 2,50,000 is the starting salary.

BSc (Hons) Mathematics

The Bachelor of Science in Mathematics with Honours is a 3-year graduate degree program. The minimum requirement for admission into the program is a passing grade in the 12th grade from a recognized board or its equivalent exam.

Eligibility12th with Maths from a recognized Board
Approx Fee (per year)INR 30,000 – 1 lakh per annum
Duration3 Years

BSc Course After 12th Class Entrance Examination

NPAT, CUCET, JET, and BHU UET are Entrance examinations that are available for B.Sc course admission. These entrance examinations are not compulsory, depending on the university that students select for their undergraduate studies. 

  1. In the exam pattern, questions will come from 10+2, PCM, and general aptitude.
  2. Normally, the examination takes 2-3 hours to complete.
  3. Depending on the university, the syllabus, mode of examination, and question pattern may differ.

Types of B.Sc Courses

The demand for B.Sc courses in India is high. There is a variety of educational programs. Students can take full-time, part-time, and distance B.Sc courses.

1) Full-Time B.Sc Courses

During this on-campus degree program, students will learn all the necessary knowledge and skills for their chosen stream or subject. The following universities offer full-time B.Sc programs: Calcutta University, Delhi University, Kirori Mal, Miranda House, and others.

2) Part-Time B.Sc Courses

A part-time degree allows the student to complete their degree program on their own time. Most colleges offer both full-time and part-time B.Sc programs. Several colleges offer part-time degrees, such as Jamia Millia University and Nehru University.

3) Distance B.Sc Courses

B.Sc distance education colleges are open to students who are working while earning their degrees. These courses are the easiest to study by distance. Many colleges in India are offering distance learning B.Sc programs, like IGNOU, Annamalai University, Karnataka State Open University, Osmania University, and so on.

Career Options After B.Sc Graduation

Graduates of B.Sc programs have ample job opportunities, both in the public and private sectors. Job roles will vary depending on the sector they work in and the level of technical expertise candidates possess. The most common positions graduates hold are:

  1. Analysts
  2. Research Scientist
  3. Project Manager
  4. Research Scholars
  5. Professors
  6. Learning Counsels

The subjects are Integral Calculus and Trigonometry, Differential Equations, Abstract Algebra, Numerical Analysis, Differential Geometry, and Vector Analysis. This course covers both the fundamental subjects of mathematics and advanced calculative concepts in the field. Students and masters in this area are trained for the applied study.

The average wage is roughly Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 10,00,000 a year.

BSc Courses After 12th: Scope & Future

If you finish the BSc Courses After 12th degree, then you can get a job quickly. Science jobs are rare to find, but you can apply for management, engineering, law, etc.

  1. For students with BSc Courses After the 12th, there are various opportunities. Students may go to a field of study, some schools hire students with a perfect pay package, and some professional BSc, directly from large organizations.
  2. The other qualified BSc courses like animation and IT open the door to the energy and IT industry for graduates. The field has vast career opportunities as well.
  3. Besides research occupations, you will work in marketing, business, and other technical fields as well.
  4. Graduates in science have also hired customer support managers in the banking sector. In government sectors, students can also find jobs.

What are the Jobs you can find? For that, you need to read the list of job fields mentioned below.

  1. Lecturers
  2. Chemist
  3. Enumerators
  4. Scientist
  5. Scientific Assistant
  6. Research Analyst
  7. Teachers
  8. Technical Writer/Editor
  9. Researcher
  10. Biostatistician
  11. Clinical Research Manager
  12. Consultant

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Frequently Asked Questions

Which subject is best for BSc after 12th?

Ans. The subjects best for BSc courses after 12th are BSc (Hons) Accounting and Business, BSc (Hons) Psychology with Foundation Year, BSc (Hons) Mathematics with Physics, BSc (Hons) Computer Science, BSc (Hons) Chemical Engineering, BSc (Hons) Data Science.

Is BSc a good course after 12th?

Ans. After the 12th, BSc courses are the most sought-after. Students who completed science courses in classes 11 and 12 are qualified to enrol in any BSc programmes. Students can select from more than 100 BSc Specialisations in India. Following the 12th grade, BSc courses offer a good scope and work chances.

Which is the best BSc courses?

Ans. The best BSc Courses are BSc Physics, BSc Chemistry, BSc Biology, BSc Mathematics, BSc Computer Science, BSc Nursing, BSc Agriculture, etc.

Which BSc has highest salary?

Ans. Students who complete this programme will have a basic understanding of everything from quantum mechanics to electromagnetism. With an average pay of INR 9.18 LPA, positions like data scientist, radiologist assistant, and physicist provide promising career prospects.

Can I do BSc without Maths?

Ans. Many universities let students major in environmental sciences, chemistry, botany, zoology, microbiology, or even physics without mathematics. However, you can study chemistry with other topics as described above and stay away from mathematics if you are not attracted towards mathematical disciplines like math and physics.

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