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Mayank Mishra

Updated on 01st April, 2024 , 17 min read

All about BA

BA stands for Bachelor of Arts, it is an undergraduate arts programme. Bachelor of arts degree can be obtained in a variety of areas, including English, Hindi, History, Journalism, and Psychology. In India, the course can be started immediately after graduating from high school. Colleges often provide a three-year Arts curriculum in a variety of areas such as Design, Mass Communication, and Hospitality. BA (Hons) or BA courses are available in full-time, part-time, correspondence, or distant education formats. It is essential to study five disciplines in addition to a few electives. The subjects will differ based on the subject chosen. Also Read: Best Paying Courses after Class 12th Arts.


Related Article: Arts Subject


Table of Contents

  1. BA Course Details
  2. BA Eligibility Criteria
  3. BA Admission Process 2022
  4. BA Programming Vs BA Hons
  5. BA Vs BSc
  6. BA Vs BBA
  7. BA Specializations List
  8. BA Entrance Exams 2022
  9. Bachelor of Arts Courses
  10. BA Syllabus and Subjects
  11. Top Arts Colleges in India
  12. BA Job Profiles
  13. BA Course: Top Recruiters
  14. Best Courses after Bachelor of Arts
  15. High Paying Jobs Following a BA
  16. FAQ's

BA Course Details

BA Full FormBachelor of Arts
BA Course Duration3 Years
BA Eligibility50% in class 12th
BA Admission 2022Merit Based and Entrance Exam Based
Bachelor of Arts Courses BA History, BA English, BA Hindi, BA economics, BA Sociology etc
BA Course in Open UniversityIGNOU
Bachelor of Arts JobsPsychiatrist, Historian, Sociologist, Author, Writer etc


Check out some of the popular options for postgraduate courses:

MCA CourseMCA CourseLLM Course


BA Eligibility Criteria: 2022-23


Bachelors of arts eligibility criteria is given below - 


·       Candidates can examine the qualifying criteria for admission to the BA course listed below.

·       Aspirants must have a 10+2 diploma from a recognised board.

·       Some universities additionally need students to have a minimum of 50% aggregate grades at the 10+2 level.

·       Some institutions additionally provide a 5% weightage in this factor for SC/ST students.


BA Admission Process 2022-23


Bachelor of Arts Admission 2022 is primarily based on class 12 merit. Entrance tests are held by a few colleges, including BHU, St. Xaviers, Jadavpur University, and Loyola College.

  • To be eligible for Bachelor of Arts admission in 2022, a candidate must have a minimum of 50% in class 12. Top BA institutions require a merit score of 90 percent or better.
  • Registration for Bachelor of Arts admission 2022 typically begins in the months of May and June 2022.
  • CUCET/CUET will be used for admission to Delhi University and its associated colleges.
  • Patna Women's College and Christ University have already begun registration for BA admission 2022.
  • Bachelor of Arts Admission 2022 at IGNOU will commence in June 2022 and will end in December 2022.


BA Programming Vs BA Hons


The BA course includes BA or BA (Hons) courses. However, when it comes to specializations, they are very different. The following is a synopsis of the situation:


BA (Bachelor of Arts General)BA (Hons) (Bachelor of Arts Honors)
With all of the essential courses covered in the course curriculum, the BA course covers all aspects of the arts generallyBA Hons provides specializations in any one subject such as English, Political Science, Psychology, History, economics, and so on
BA is of 3 years durationBA (Hons) is also of 3 years duration course
The eligibility criteria to get admission to BA is 10+2 from any recognised boardAspirants should have passed 10+2 from any recognised board and must have studied the Hons seeking subject at the qualifying level
No specializations offeredIt offers specializations
Candidates can get admission to BA courses through merit-based and entrance examIt is same for admission to BA (Hons)


People Also Read: Top 10 Toughest Exams in India


BA Vs Bsc


BA Vs BSc is a debate that's been going on for decades. While the differences appear to be minor, they are a decisive factor in choosing the course. B.Sc is an undergraduate degree in the sciences that focuses on 10+2 science courses. BA, on the other hand, is an undergraduate degree in the arts stream that emphasises liberal arts, creative thinking, and theoretical studies.


BA (Bachelor of Arts)

B.Sc(Bachelor of Science)

Full FormBachelor of ArtsBachelor of Science
Course Duration3 Years3 Years
Eligibility50% in 10+2 from any stream of study. For certain specializations, there are some mandatory subjects required.50% in 10+2 from science stream. Students from either PCB or PCMB are eligible to opt for this course.
Average Course FeesINR 10,000 - 1 LPAINR 10,000 - 2 LPA
Average SalaryINR 5 LPAINR 6.04 LPA
Who can opt for this course?Students who are more inclined to liberal arts and more theoretical studies opt for this course.Students who are interested in technical studies with little practical work for research and lecturing purposes opt for this course.
Employment AreasFine Arts, Journalism and Mass Media, Literature, Civil Services, Advertising and Marketing, Public Administration, Civil Services, and much moreResearch, Pharmacology, Information Technology, Software Development, Healthcare, and much more
Job DesignationsGraphics Designer, Content Writer, Theatre Artist, Teacher or Lecturer, Journalist, Area Sales Manager, Advertising Head, Reporter, Business Development Manager, and much more.Research Scholar, Software Developer, Operations Manager, Physicist, Analytical Chemist, Technology Consultant, Risk Analyst, Microbiologist, etc.




Given the history of the job market, both BA and BBA degrees have high value in current trends, frequently opening up a plethora of opportunities for graduates of the courses. The true challenge for prospective students is deciding whether to pursue a BA or a BBA.

Some of the differences between these courses are mentioned below which help the candidate to make a better carrier decision.

Basis of difference

BA(Bachelor of Arts)

BBA(Bachelor of Business Administration)

Full-FormBachelor of ArtsBachelor of Business Administration
Duration3 Years3 Years
Eligibility10+2 or Intermediate in any stream10+2 or Intermediate in any stream
Average FeeINR 1- 2 LPAINR 2- 5 LPA
StreamHumanities and ArtsManagement
Average SalaryINR 4 - 6 LPAINR 3.5 - 6 LPA
SpecializationsBA English/Political Science/history/Psychology/Geography/Economics/Sociology etc.BBA Marketing/Finance/Aviation/Airport Management etc.
JobsOperations Manager, Executive Assistant , Operations Team Leader , Human Resource Manager , Business Development Manager, Marketing Manager,Asset Manager, Banking , Fund Management, Corporate Finance, Trading, Investment Banking
Average SalaryINR 2 LPA – 6 LPAINR 2.1 LPA – 7.1 LPA


List of Top BA Specializations in India IN 2022-23


·       Anthropology

·       Classical Studies

·       Communication Studies

·       Economics

·       English

·       Fine Arts

·       French

·       Gender and Social Justice

·       German

·       History

·       Legal Studies

·       Medieval Studies

·       Music

·       Peace and Conflict Studies

·       Philosophy

·       Political Science

·       Psychology

·       Recreation and Leisure Studies

·       Recreation and Sport Business

·       Religious Studies

·       Sexuality, Marriage and Family Studies

·       Social Development Studies

·       Sociology

·       Spanish

·       Theatre and Performance

·       Therapeutic Recreation


Read More: BA Psychology: Subjects, Fees, Colleges, Jobs, Scope, Salary


BA Entrance Exams 2022-23


Admission to BA courses are usually based on merit, but there are few colleges that conduct entrance exams as well. Given below is the list of popular BA entrance exams that candidates can give for admission to various colleges:



Bachelors of Arts(BA): Courses


Types of BABA EligibilityBA Course DurationBA Course Fees
Full-time BA 10+2 from a recognised board with 50% marks3 yearsINR 10,000 - 80,000
Distance BA10+2 qualifying degree from a recognized board.3-6 YearsINR 6,000 - 20,000
Online BA10+2 degree from a recognized board.3 years INR 40 000 to 1,00, 000


Popular Courses-



BA Syllabus and Subjects

In the table given below Bachelor of Arts subjects are further divided by their specialisation.


BA Subjects and Syllabus (Subjects Bachelor of Arts)                                                                              

BA Subjects List: English                                                                                   

English LiteratureTwentieth-Century Indian Writing
Concurrent – Qualifying LanguageNineteenth-Century European Realism/ Classical Literature/ Forms of Popular Fiction
Concurrent – Discipline CenteredContemporary Literature
Anglo-American Writing from 1930/ Literary Theory/ Women's Writing of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries/ Modern European Drama(-)

BA Subjects Lists: Political Science                                                                               

Language - MIL/ English Environmental ScienceUnderstanding Political Theory
Constitutional Government and Democracy in IndiaGeneric Elective
Environmental Science Language - MIL/ EnglishPolitical Theory-Concepts and Debates
Political Process in IndiaIntroduction to Comparative Government & Politics
Perspectives on Public AdministrationPerspectives on International Relations
Ability Enhancement CoursePol. Process & Inst. in Comparative Perspective
Public Policy and Administration in IndiaGlobal Politics
Generic ElectiveAbility Enhancement Course
Classical Political PhilosophyModern Indian Political Thought
Modern Political PhilosophyIndian Political Thought

BA Subjects List: History                                                                                    

History of IndiaSocial Formations and Cultural Patterns of the Ancient World
Social Formations and Cultural Patterns of the Medieval WorldRise of Modern West
History of Modern EuropeHistory Of Southeast Asia: 19th Century
History of Modern East AsiaGeneric Elective (Interdisciplinary Any Four): Environmental Issues In India, Research Methodology in History, Making of Contemporary India, Delhi: Ancient, Delhi: Medieval, Delhi: Modern or Issues in the Contemporary World
Any Two: Understanding Heritage/ Art Appreciation: An Introduction to Indian Art/ Archives and museums/ Understanding Popular Culture

BA Subjects List: Psychology                                                                                      

Introduction to PsychologyStatistical Methods for Psychological Research-I
Environmental ScienceGeneral Psychology
Bio psychologyPsychology of Individual Differences
English CommunicationYouth, Gender and Identity
Development of PsychologicalPsychological Research
Social PsychologyEmotional Intelligence
Psychology for Health and Well-beingUnderstanding Psychological Disorders
Statistical Methods for Psychological Research-IIApplied Social Psychology
Stress ManagementPsychology at Work
Dealing with Psychological DisordersDevelopmental Psychology
Positive PsychologyHuman Resource Management
Organizational BehaviorCounselling Psychology
Health PsychologyCommunity Psychology

BA Subjects List: Philosophy                                                                                    

Indian PhilosophyLogic
Greek PhilosophyEthics
Western Philosophy: Descartes to KantSocial & Political Philosophy: Indian and Western
Applied EthicsText of Indian Philosophy
Text of Western PhilosophyTruth Functional Logic
Analytic PhilosophyContinental Philosophy
Philosophy of Religion (Indian & Western)Philosophy of Language (Indian & Western)

BA Subjects List: Social Work                                                                                   

Beginnings of Social WorkFundamental of Social Work
Sociology for Social WorkConcurrent Field Work
Concurrent- Qualifying LanguageBasic Concepts in Psychology
Contemporary Social ConcernsSocial Psychology
Concurrent- credit LanguageWorking with Individuals
Working with GroupsSocial Deviance and Social Problems
Community OrganisationCommunication and Development
Physical, Mental and Community HealthSocial Policy and Social Development 
Social Legislation and Human RightsSocial Action and Movements
Social Welfare and AdministrationResearch in Social Work
Areas of Social Work Practice IINGO Movement

BA Subjects List: Economics                                                                                   

Introductory MicroeconomicsMathematical Methods for Economics
Ability Enhancement Compulsory CourseGeneric Elective
Introductory MacroeconomicsMathematical Methods for Economics
Ability Enhancement Compulsory CourseIntermediate Microeconomics
Statistical Methods for EconomicsSkill Enhancement Course
Intermediate Microeconomics & MacroeconomicsIntroductory Econometrics
Skill Enhancement Course Indian Economy
Development EconomicsDiscipline-Specific Elective
Indian EconomyDevelopment Economics

BA Subjects List: Archaeology                                                                                    

Methodology and Perspectives of Social ScienceHistory of Art and Architecture in India
Basics of ArchaeologyIntroduction to Sociology
Cultural Transition in Pre-Modern KeralaMethods of Archaeology
History of FolkloreDevelopment of Sociological Theory
Making of Modern Kerala 

BA Subjects List: Sociology                                                                                      

Methodology and Perspectives of Social ScienceHistory of Art and Architecture in India
Basics of ArchaeologyIntroduction to Sociology
Cultural Transition in Pre-Modern KeralaMethods of Archaeology
History of FolkloreDevelopment of Sociological Theory
Making of Modern KeralaInformatics
Basics of Indian NumismaticsIntroduction to Political Science
Understanding the PastEarly Societies in India
Development of Numismatics in IndiaGovernmental Machinery and Processes
Growth of Indian ArchaeologyIntroduction to Archives and Records
Archaeological Sites and Monuments in IndiaArchival Conservation and Reprography

BA Subjects List: Geography                                                                                   

Cartographic TechniquesGeography of Population
Concurrent – Qualifying LanguageAnalytical Physical Geography
OceanographyThematic Cartography (Practical)
Geography of SettlementsConcurrent – Credit Language
Economic GeographyEnvironmental Geography
Remote Sensing (Practical)Urban Geography
Concurrent – InterdisciplinaryGeography of Natural Resources
Spatial Dimensions of DevelopmentStatistical Methods in Geography
Geography of IndiaEvolution of Geographical Thought
Social GeographyRegional Planning: Case Studies
Field TechniquesDisaster Management
Geographical Information SystemOptional: Agricultural Geography, Bio Geography, Political Geography, Geography of Tourism, Contemporary Environmental Issues and Rural Development

BA Subjects List:Anthropology                                                                                         

Introduction to Social AnthropologyIntroduction to Biological Anthropology
Archaeological Anthropology-I & IITechnical Writing & Communication in English/ Computational Skills
Anthropology of KinshipBiostatistics and Data Analysis
Theories of Culture and SocietyHuman Genetics
Primate Biology / Cell Biology-IMolecular Biology-I & II
Tribes and Peasants in IndiaAnthropology of religion, politics & economy
Biodiversity & Indigenous Knowledge / Cell Biology IIAnthropology of India
Human Ecology: Biological DimensionsBiological Diversity in Human Populations
Human Ecology: Social and Cultural DimensionsGenetics & Genomics
Field work dissertationFundamental of Human Origins and Evolution
Genomic Diversity in Human PopulationsAnthropology In Practice

BA Subjects List: Rural Studies                                                                                      

Elements of Rural DevelopmentRural Development Policies and Programmes
Indian Rural Economic SceneIndian Rural Social Scene

                                                                                                                             BA Subjects List:French

Communicative GrammarLanguage of writing
Oral ExpressionConcurrent Qualifying Language
Language in Writing and Oral ExpressionIntroduction to Literature
Introduction to LiteratureTranslation
Language for Specific PurposesFrench Typo

                                                                                                                         BA Subjects List: Theatre of Performance

 The basics of drama and theatreCritical apparatus to ‘read' and appreciate the dramatic performance
Importance of dramatic arts in both aesthetic and non-aesthetic contextsTheories of Drama: Performance theory and role-play, aesthetic and anthropological theories
Drama and its relation to educationText and its interpretation-Mother Courage and Aadhe Adhure
Scenic arrangement-blocking and mise-en-sceneBack-stage work-management, planning, execution
Role play-developing character, developing relations with other charactersWriting Projects: reviewing any current production


Check out the Course wise Subjects Breakdown in the section below - 



Top Arts Colleges in India

Top BA colleges in India are centered around major cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Pune, etc. The tables below will discuss the top BA colleges across 5 metropolitan cities in India,


Top Arts Colleges in Mumbai



Top Arts Colleges in Delhi



Top Arts Colleges in Kolkata



Top Arts Colleges in Bangalore



Top Arts Colleges in Pune




BA (Bachelor of Arts): Job Profiles

Job ProfileBA Average Salary (INR) Average Salary After 5 Years
Content Creator3.5 LPA 8 LPA
Academic Writing and Editing4 LPA 9 - 10 LPA
Air Hostess/ Flight Attendant6 LPA  12 LPA
Political Consultant7.5 LPA 11 LPA
Author/ Writer4.5 LPA 6-12 LPA
Historian4.5 LPA 7 LPA
Psychologist4.2 LPA 7.5 LPA
Executive Assistant6 LPA 8-10 LPA
Counsellor3.5 LPA 6-7 LPA
Foreign Language Expert4 LPA 8 LPA
Social Worker2.9 LPA 5 LPA
Archaeologist3.5 LPA  7 LPA


BA Course: Top Recruiters

Company NameSalary
AccentureINR 3.39 LPA
TATA Consultancy Services (TCS)INR 2.02 LPA
HCL TechnologiesINR 2.1 LPA
GenpactINR 2.28 LPA
CognizantINR 3 LPA
DeloitteINR 2.9 LPA


Check out the Salary Breakdown of Different Courses in the section below - 



Best Courses After Bachelor of Arts

There are number of courses that can be done after bachelor of arts. Listed below are some of the best courses after bachelor of arts which will help the student improve its employability skills

  1. Best Job Oriented Courses After BA
  2. Master of Arts (MA)
  3. Master of Business Administration (MBA)
  4. Bachelor of Education Courses After BA
  5. Postgraduate Diploma Courses After BA
  6. Designing & Fine Arts Courses After BA
  7. Law Courses After BA
  8. Careers After BA
  9. High-Paying Jobs after BA
  10. MBA after BA
  11. Government Jobs After BA


1) After BA(Bachelor of Arts) 

There are various attractive career possibilities and job-related courses available in a variety of specialities and areas. After BA, you can pursue a variety of degrees ranging from Fine Arts, Business Management, Analytics, and IT to Fine Arts, Graphic Designing, Interior Designing, Fashion Designing, Content Writing, and Advertising, among others. So, if you're wondering what to do after BA, we've compiled a list of top high-paying professions and courses.


Following is a list of the finest career opportunities and job-related courses for those with a BA:


  1. Master of Arts (MA)
  2. Master of Business Administration (MBA)
  3. Master of Journalism and Mass Communication (MJMC)
  4. Master of Fine Arts (MFA)
  5. Masters/PG Diploma in Digital Marketing
  6. LLB
  7. Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)
  8. Creative Writing Courses
  9. Graphic Design Courses
  10. Fashion Design Courses
  11. Visual Arts Courses
  12. Foreign Language Certifications
  13. Photography Courses
  14. Event Management Courses
  15. PG Diploma Courses
    • PG Diploma in Management (PGDM)
    • PG Diploma in Business Analytics (PGDBA)
    • PG Diploma in Marketing
    • PG Diploma in Fashion Designing
    • PG Diploma in Finance
    • PG Diploma in Computer Applications (PGDCA)
    • PG Diploma in Development Studies
    • PG Diploma in Social Work
    • PG Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication


 MA (Master of Arts)

MA is one of the most popular postgraduate degrees pursued by students after  BA. The Master of Arts degree is a two-year programme that is available in a variety of disciplines including English, Hindi, Political Science, Journalism, Mass Communication, Regional and Foreign Languages, Fine Arts, Media, History, Philosophy, and others. A master's degree is designed to provide students with advanced academic knowledge and exposure to their chosen area. After completing MA, you are eligible for M.Phil and doctorate programmes.


MBA (Master of Business Administration)

After BA one can even go for an MBA. A MBA trains students to manage complicated business issues and to operate in the fast-paced corporate environment. It also helps you to find job opportunities in both the public and commercial sectors throughout the world. In addition, for students who want to be entrepreneurs, an MBA may provide them with the required skills and information.


B.Ed ( Bachelor of Education)

Bachelor of Education [BEd] is a great option for individuals who wish to start a career as a teacher. It is also one of the courses available following BA. ICT, Pedagogy of a School Subject, Different Learning Methods, and other subjects will be covered over the course of 3-4 years. After completing a BEd course, you can sit for teaching aptitude exams such as TET, CTET, and others, and if you pass, you can explore teaching jobs in elementary and secondary schools.


Post-graduate Courses after BA

It is a full-time postgraduate study that lasts 6-12 months and is regarded equal to MA degree programmes since it provides appropriate information and abilities in your chosen subject in a shorter length of time. The main advantage of pursuing a postgraduate diploma is that you may study a wide range of disciplines in a shorter period of time. Some of the primary disciplines from which to pick are:


Design and Fine Arts Courses

These programmes are ideal for students who wish to go further into a certain sector of Arts and Design and build expertise in it. Some of the notable specialisations available in master's level design programmes include:

  • Industrial Design
  • Design Computing
  • Architectural Design
  • Fashion and Textile Design
  • Shoe Designing
  • Leather Designing
  • Graphic Designing
  • House Design


Law Courses after BA

Bachelor of Laws, or LLB, is a popular option for people looking to continue their education after completing their BA. The three-year programme provides thorough information on areas such as Jurisprudence, Environmental Law, Arbitration, Insurance Law, Consumer Protection Act, and so on. After finishing the course, you can pursue an LLM, begin practising after registering with the appropriate authorities, or work in the government or commercial sectors.


High-Paying Jobs After BA

Bachelor of Arts degrees offers a wide range of job options in both the public and private sectors. Here is a list of the finest high-paying occupations available after completing a bachelor's degree:

  • Executive Manager
  • Digital Marketing Manager
  • Government Jobs in Civil Services, Indian Railways, Defence Services, Indian Foreign Services
  • Bank PO/Clerk Jobs
  • Content Writer
  • Copywriter
  • Human Resources Manager
  • Business Development Manager
  • News Journalist
  • Teacher/Professor
  • Graphic Designer
  • Fashion Designer
  • Video Editor
  • Filmmaker
  • Interior Designer


Government Jobs after BA

The government sector is another excellent option for students seeking job after completing their BA. After BA, you can apply for jobs in the Civil Services, Defense Services, Indian Foreign Services, Indian Railways, and other administrative sectors. Following your BA, you can take the following important government examinations to secure a lucrative government job:


  • Civil Services
  • Indian Railways (RRB exams)
  • SSC exams
  • Defence Services like Indian Army 
  • State Public Services 
  • Indian Foreign Services


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